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g House Papers. No. X. 



THE 



1ASSORETIC NOTES 



CONTAINED IN THE EDITION OF THE 



Ibebrew Scriptures 



PUBLISHED BY 



THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY 



TRANSLATED AND EXPLAINED 



ALFRED S.|GJEDEN M.A. 

»F. OF HEBREW AND OLD TESTAMENT LITERATURE AT THE WESLEYAN COLLEGE, 
RICHMOND, SURREY. 

Vith the co-operation of the Rev. JOHN H. RITSON M.A. 

SECRETARY OF THE BIBLE SOCIETY. 



LONDON 

E BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY 

146 QUEEN VICTORIA STREET 
1905 

PRICE ONE SHILLING NETT 



i 



r 



"Us^onv 



THE 



MASSORETIC NOTES 



CONTAINED IN THE EDITION OF THE 



Ibebrew Scriptures 



PUBLISHED BY 



THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. 



{translated and ^Explained 



ALFRED S. GEDEN, M.A., 

PROF. OF HEBREW AND OJLD TESTAMENT LITERATURE AT THE WESLEYAN COLLEGE, 

RICHMOND, SURREY. 

With the co-operation of the Rev. JOHN H. R1TSON, M.A., 

SECRETARY OF THE BIBLE SOCIETY. 



Xon&on : 

THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY, 

146, Queen Victoria Street, 

1905. 



BSts 



-|*A- 



PREFACE. 

The translation and brief explanation of Massoretic notes that is here 
published has been prepared in the hope that it may be of service to 
the many students of the Hebrew Scriptures who use the text pub- 
lished by the British and Foreign Bible Society ; and who find at the 
foot of the printed page certain Hebrew notes that prove to be 
unintelligible without a key. There are indeed large and important 
treatises in existence, dealing with a subject which lies somewhat off 
the ordinary lines of study ; and to many of these reference is made 
in the following pages. Those without time or opportunity to con- 
sult more elaborate works may not be ungrateful for a practical 
compendium, that aims at supplying in small compass the help and 
information that is needed. 

My own connection with the work, and the extent to which I am 
responsible may be readily and briefly stated. The greater part 
of the preparatory labour was undertaken and carried through 
by Mr. Eitson, when the engagements and heavy responsibility 
that rested upon him in connection with the celebration of the 
Bible Society's Centenary compelled him to lay aside the task. 
I then agreed to add whatever was necessary in detail, and to see the 
book through the press. The credit, therefore, of the initiation and 
practical accomplishment of the work is due to Mr. Bitson, who 
devoted to it many hours of the closest attention and thought. 
While for blemishes and faults, whether of oversight or of lack of 
judgement, I must bear the whole burden of blame. 

The interest of the notes which the Jewish scholars whom we 
call the Massoretes attached to the Hebrew text of the Old Testament 
is very great, and their critical value not inconsiderable. Their worth, 
however, for purposes of textual criticism is subject to two drawbacks. 

M41813 



We do not know precisely who these scholars were, and can only 
describe the age of the Massoretes in general terms as extending from 
about the fourth to the sixth centuries of our era or even later ; and 
we are not always certain of the meaning which they intended to 
convey by some of the diacritical signs employed. Jewish tradition in 
these matters is not entirely reliable, or always consistent, e.g. in the 
explanation of the puncta extraordinaria. But in spite of deficiencies 
the Massorah forms an invaluable corpus of critical material, older 
than any extant Hebrew manuscript, which no serious student of the 
Old Testament can afford to neglect. 

The notes printed in the British and Foreign Bible Society's 
edition of the Hebrew text are only a selection from a great mass of 
material of undoubtedly very varied origin and date. All Hebrew 
manuscripts are more or less critically annotated ; but no two contain 
exactly the same Massorah. The most complete edition is that of 
Dr. Ginsburg, perhaps the ablest of living Massoretic scholars. The 
present work is issued in the earnest hope that on a lesser scale it 
too may contribute something to the exact and intelligent apprehen- 
sion of the Old Testament Scriptures. 

A. S. GEDEN. 

Richmond, 

Dec. 31st, 1904. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The Massorah, Hebrew miDD or JTY1DD, is a collection of critical 
and grammatical notes on the Text of the Old Testament, the purpose 
of which was to guard this text from degeneration and corruption, I 
and to ensure its accurate transmission for all time. The true form 
of the word is said to be JTY1DTJ , but it is usually vocalised and 
pronounced JTYiDTJ* The verb ^DO from which it is derived occurs 
twice in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, Nu 31 6 » 16 , 
apparently with the meaning " to deliver over, present ;" but in both 
instances doubt has been expressed with regard to the correctness of 
the reading. 2 In later Hebrew "^DD, and the Aramaic "^DQ signify 
" to hand over or down, to communicate ;" and thus Massorah is 
" tradition," as handed down from one generation to another. Usage 
moreover has limited the application of the word to the statements 
and rules, the knowledge generally, which has been handed down 
bearing upon the text of the Old Testament. 

The correlative term to iTYiDJD is n72ij2, Kabbalah, from the 
root /lp> '5j?> expressing properly whatever has been received by 
tradition. Technically, however, the latter word is restricted to 
matters of esoteric doctrine and theology, and gives a name to the 
great mass of speculative philosophy and mysticism of the later 
Rabbis. 3 

The authors of the Massorah are termed Massoretes, vJ?l 
jn"^D^rT, but who they were or at what time they lived is uncertain. 
Jewish tradition ascribes the beginning of the work to Moses, from 
and after whom it was carried on through an unbroken succession of 
wise men, until it was finally taken up and completed by Ezra and 

1 See a note by L. Blau in Jewish Quarterly Review, vol. xii. p. 241. 

2 Compare e.g. Brown and Driver, Heb. and Eng. Lexicon, a.v. G. B. Gray, 

Numbers, p. 421. rnb$, Ez 20 37 is from a different root, being a contraction 
of rnbw?. 

3 See C. D. Ginsburg, The Kabbalah : its Doctrines, Development, and Literature. 

London, 1865. 



6 

the members of the Great Synagogue. 1 These attempts to ensure the 
preservation and permanent integrity of the Hebrew Scriptures took 
the form of notes on all irregularities, lists of peculiarities and varia- 
tions, records of the number of words and letters in each book, the 
number of occurrences of special forms of a letter, etc.; and thus was 
raised, as the Rabbis termed it, a hedge (yp) about the Law. 
Such care, however, for the accurate transmission of the sacred text 
cannot be definitely traced further back than some centuries after the 
. Christian era. And the most probable view appears to be that the 
Jewish scholars of Tiberias, in or about the sixth century a.d., reduced 
to order the scattered notes and critical opinions on the sacred books, 
and committed them to writing with additions of their own, giving 
to the completed work the name of Massorah. 2 

These notes of which the Massorah consists are found at the 
present time, and have probably so existed from the first, written by 
the side of the text on the margins of the Hebrew manuscripts. In no 
two manuscripts, however, are precisely the same notes found. The 
earliest constitute the so-called Massora parva, a collection of brief and 
condensed notes on the. text, so brief as often to be unintelligible 
without the key, written on the margins of the page and in the narrow 
space between the columns of the Hebrew text and the Targum or 
Aramaic paraphrase. In rare instances also the notes and comments 
of the Massora parva are found between the lines of the Hebrew 
writing. Subsequent to this was the Massora magna, a more expanded 
commentary, which occupied the space above and below the Hebrew 
text, and often assumed ornamental or fantastic shapes of animals, 
reptiles, etc. Sometimes also it offers an explanation or interpretation 
of the Massora parva. When the bulk of the Massora magna was too 

1 Cp. Pirqe Aboth, I. 1. — "Moses received the Law from Sinai, and delivered it 

(propi) to Joshua, and Joshua to the Elders, and the Elders to the Prophets, 
and the Prophets delivered it to the men of the Great Synagogue." 

2 Dr. Driver says, " the seventh and eighth centuries." Cp. Notes on the Hebrew 

Text of the Books of Samuel, p. xxxvii : — " Nothing is more certain than that 
the period during which this care (i.e. for the preservation and accurate 
transmission of the Scriptures) was exercised was preceded by one of no small 
laxity, in the course of which corruptions of different kinds found their way 
into the text of the Old Testament." See also Schurer, History of the Jewish 
People, II. i. p. 328. 



great to be accommodated on the margin it was relegated to the close 
of the manuscript, and then became the Massora finalis. The same 
name also was given to independent works, composed on the lines of 
the Massora magna, when these were written, as was sometimes the 
case, at the end of the volumes of the Old Testament. 

With regard to the subject matter of which the Massorah treats, 
this may be most conveniently classified under six headings, according 
as the rules laid down or the summaries given concern different 
elements or divisions of the text. 

1. The Consonants formed the most important and fundamental 
subject of investigation, and to them the primary and most laborious 
care of the Massoretic scholars was devoted. The consonantal text, 
and the consonantal text alone, was sacred and inviolable ; the vowel 
signs were of human invention, subject to human criticism, and if 
necessary to modification. Hence no alteration in the consonantal text 
as it stood was proposed or sanctioned. What appear to us to be 
obvious scribal errors were carefully and rigidly perpetuated. The 
utmost that was allowed was to attach a note, expressing a preference 
for a different reading or vocalisation. And the original meaning of 
some of the signs employed for this purpose, as for instance the points 
or dots above or below a word {infra 3), — if indeed they always had 
a meaning and were not mere accidents of the pen, — has been lost 
beyond recall. Thus a record is made that certain letters are to be 
written larger (e.g. S in Ge l 1 ), or smaller (e.g. * in De 32 18 ) than 
usual. In this particular class of examples the reason for so writing 
them is sometimes clear enough; for instance in Ge l 1 TCL 1 ! 2. 
serves the purpose of an ornamental initial letter. Elsewhere the 
unusual size has .been supposed to call attention to the middle letter 
or word of a book or portion of Scripture, e.g., 3 in Le 13 38 . But in 
many cases the meaning intended is wholly obscure, and 
the explanation offered by the Rabbis fanciful. Again in four 
passages a letter is " suspended," or written partly above the line, 
viz.— 2 in Ju 18 80 , V in Ps 80 u Job 38 13 > 15 ; nine times 3 is " inverted," 
Nu 10 85 ' 36 , and Ps IW®*-. It has been suggested that the use of the 
letter nun in this manner corresponds to our parentheses, or is 
intended to mark a passage where the text has become dislocated. 
Nothing however is really known, and the explanations offered 



8 



hardly cany conviction. Mem is written in its final form in the 
middle of a word, Is 9 6 ; the number of times each of the five final 
letters occurs in each of its forms is tabulated ; the middle letter of 
each book is noted, and of the Pentateuch as a whole 1 ; and so forth. 

On the other hand the practice of modern printed texts of ex- 
panding a letter laterally in order to fill up the line is not found in 
the older Hebrew manuscripts, and is therefore not commented upon 
in the Massorah. The same purpose, however, is sometimes attained 
by repeating one or more letters of a word. 2 

2. The peculiarities and anomalies of the vowel-points and accents 
were also recorded, and in particular the influence of the latter on the 
quantity of a syllable. The presence and absence of daghesh or mappiq 
was noted, where for any reason a deviation appeared from the form that 
was usual, or that might have been expected. The inference is clear 
therefore that the Massoretic scholars were not the inventors of the 
signs for the vowels and accents ; but that on the contrary these had 
already been so long in existence as to have acquired a certain pre- 
scriptive right, although inferior to the consonants and not inspired. 

3. The notes on words were also extensive and important. Atten- 
tion was called to a scriptio plena or defectiva. The number of times 
certain words occurred at the beginning or end of a verse was counted 
and set down, the repetitions of a word or phrase, etc. Above certain 
words moreover, and in one instance beneath also, a series of points or 
dots was placed, the so-called puncta extraordinaria, which have been 
understood with some probability to point to an erroneous or corrupt 
reading. Ten words are so marked in the Pentateuch, and of these five 
are in Genesis, viz.— 16 5 18 9 19 s3 33 4 37 12 , four m Numbers, viz.— 3 89 9 10 
2130 29 1B , and one in De 29 28 . Other instances are found in the Prophets, 
and in one verse in the book of Psalms, 27 18 . The origin of the points 
is attributed by the Rabbis to Ezra, whom tradition credits with so 
large a part in the arrangement and determination of the sacred text. 
There is no certainty, however, as to their meaning. In some 

1 See especially for details, and the Massoretic lists, Elias Levita's Exposition of 

the Ma88orah, translated by C. D. Qinsburg, London, 1865. 

2 Compare M. Gaster, Hebrew Illuminated Bibles, London, 1901, p. 14. 



9 

Samaritan codices they are said to indicate a various reading or 
corruption of the text. 1 

4. In the case of entire sentences or verses the comments of the 
authors of the Massorah were less numerous. The verses ( O^DB ) 
in each book, and in each of the larger sections or pericopae, were 
counted and recorded. Two f ormul® also that were employed by the 
Jewish scholars to indicate their judgement as to the correct reading 
of a word or text should be noticed here. The first is D*HDiD "ppJl, 
or "correction of the scribes," which is found in eighteen 
passages, and calls attention to the removal from the text of an 
anthropomorphic or otherwise objectionable form of expression. 
OPIOID FlpJH therefore does not require a change of the existing text, 
but merely affirms that the reading has been altered for one or other 
of the above reasons. Examples are Gre 18 22 , where the original 
reading is said to have been DiT^St ^.S? *T?I^ ^2*1^ HlSTl, and 
Zech 2 12 , where "O^ according to the tradition was changed to i3^JJ 
from motives of reverence 2 . The other formula O'HDiD l^tSy, 
" abstraction of the scribes," is found in five instances, and denotes that 
a prefixed 1 ought to be omitted. This again, therefore, is not an actual 
correction or emendation of the text, but a sort of warning against an 
addition which is usually, but in the judgement of the authors 
of the comment erroneously made. 3 

5. Of greater interest and importance are the various readings 
which the Massoretic scholars noted in the text of the Old Testament. 
The number of these is differently given by the authorities, and they 
vary in the different manuscripts and in the Hebrew printed texts. 
The earliest Rabbinic Bible with the Massorah records 1353. Of the 
origin and history of these readings nothing is known. References, 

however, in the Jewish writings themselves would seem to indicate 

. 1 , 

1 H. L. Strack, Prolegomena Critiea in Vet. Test. Hebraicum, p. 88 ff.; F. Buhl, 

Canon and Text of the Old Testament, pp. 104, 105. 

2 The other DnoiD *pp*? are Nu 1115 (read fnrtt), 1212 (^nw vrto}), I Sa 313 

.ftfor orft), II Sa 1612 (^), 201 (tt»W>, and so I Ki 1216, II Chr 1016), 
Je 2H (nias), Ez 81' Obh), Ho 47 (ni^, rron), Ha 112 (nian), Ma 113 
(>rfo*, for «inw), Ps 10620 (nil?), Job 720 (?j^), 323 (mfftfiur rt*), La 320 

3 The onpiD nns? are Ge 185, 2455, Nu 312, p 8 367, 6826. 



10 

that they are not due to divergent texts in the Codices, and therefore 
are not in the strict sense various readings at all. The analogy of the 
D^5J"iD ^3/)p]n, etc., points perhaps to the same conclusion. 

These readings concerned only single words. The Massoretes 
left untouched the consonantal text before them, but supplied what 
they judged to be the true reading and vocalisation in the margin. 
The former was SV1$, "that which was written"; the latter was *Hj?, 
" that which was read," and was to be substituted on all occasions for 
the other. Moreover in the printed Hebrew text it has been usual 
to attach to the consonants of the Kethibh the vowels of the Qert, so 
as to remind the reader that the latter is the word to be pronounced. 
The result has been to present to the eye an anomalous and impossible 
form, consisting of consonants of one word (S^HS) with the vowels 
of another (*Hj!?). A better plan is that adopted by Dr. Ginsburg in 
his edition of the Hebrew Bible, London, 1894, where the Hebrew 
word affected is printed in the text altogether without points, and the 
S?05 and *Hp are both presented in full in the margin. It is not 
always possible to determine with certainty how the Kethibh was 
intended to be pronounced ; but that it represents in many instances 
a text older and more correct than the Qeri is unquestionable. 

The so-called Qeri perpetua were words which for one reason or 
another could not be pronounced in the public reading of the syna- 
gogue, and for which therefore another word was always substituted. 
In such cases the Qeri was not actually written in the margin, but its 
vowels were supplied to the consonantal Kethibh. The chief instance 
is the Divine name ITIiT, which is ordinarily written HliT? and read 
*0"l£l; but sometimes nlH^ i.e. DTf vbj, when it is immediately 
preceded or followed by ^"ItJ. Other examples are NTT, read as 
NTT, wherever in the Pentateuch bOH is found for the feminine j 1 
^ttrtoV.e. "Q^?5 rfflfrV' { ' G ' O? 1 ?®^ Kethibh D^ri?; and 
probably D^ttf, and DVlttf for *y$ and *ȣKP, the Kethibh in- 
tended being D?30, DVjttf. 

1 This peculiarity is confiDed to the Pentateuch according to the Western or 
Palestinian school. But the Eastern school of Babylon reads win elsewhere, e.g. 
Is 3033. Cp. S. R. Driver, Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Boohs of Samuel, 
p. xxxiii ; Buhl, vt sup. p. 239 ff. 



11 

In their interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures the Rabbis do 
not always adopt the Qeri in preference to the Kethibh. And in 
late manuscripts the former sometimes even displaces the latter in 
the text. 

6. At the close of each book was placed a clausula, a summary 
of arithmetical information concerning the text of the book. The 
clausulse always began with the word pXTj, "be strong," "be of 
good courage "; and tabulated the number of verses etc. in the book, 
together with mnemonic words or Biblical phrases ( jO^D ), by which 
the total might be remembered. 

Thus the Massorah was a body of textual criticism, or rather a 
record of textual facts, the source and authority for which is doubtful, 
and the history in most instances entirely unknown. This uncertainty 
to a considerable extent lessens its practical value. There can be no 
doubt, however, that in large part the material underlying the 
Massoretic tradition is ancient, and has been faithfully transmitted ; 
while to the care of the Massoretes is due the preservation of the sacred 
text, unaltered and uncontaminated, since their day. Their work is 
thus the great storehouse of critical material and ancient Jewish 
opinion on the text of the Hebrew Scriptures. And in the absence 
of old or pre-Massoretic manuscripts constitutes together with the 
ancient Versions our sole means, apart from precarious and subjective 
conjecture, of arriving at a true appreciation and accurate knowledge 
of the very words of the Old Testament writers. 1 

1 The largest printed collection of the Massorah is that of Dr. C. D. GinBburg, 
published in three folio volumes, London, 1880 — 1897. A fourth volume 
is promised, which is to contain a translation and explanation of the notes. 
Reference may also be made, in addition to the literature cited above, to the 
same writer's translation of Jacob ben Chajim's Introduction to the Rabbinic 
Bible, London, 1865 ; and to his most valuable Introduction to the Hebrew 
Bible, London, 1897. In the Jewish Quarterly Review, vol. ix, Dr. L. Blau 
published two articles, entitled Massoretic Studies, of great interest; and the 
appendices to Baer and Delitzsch' editions of the separate books of the Old 
Testament contain valuable critical and explanatory notes, with translations 
of the Massoretic epitomes, etc. See further articles on the Massorah in 
Herzog's Real Encyklopadie, and Kitto's Encyclopcedia of Biblical Literature, 
The Commentaries of Delitzsch frequently quote and explain the statements of 
the Massorah. 



13 



N 



fc*, aleph. ' The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet; as numeral, M = 1, 

& = 1,000. 
J! Dipfcpa M, aleph in the place of he*, i.e. where h6 might hare 
been expected. Je 25 3 Ez 27 31 31 5 Ps 127? Pr 11 3 5 Job 38 u 
Ru l 20 La 3 12 4 1 Eccl 8 1 Da 4 15 »™ 5 8 11« II Chr iw<&»). 
1 DlpML N, aleph in the place of yodh. Ez 43^. 
**T?£ 'tf, aleph with (the accent) tsere\ Da l 18 . 
512^3*7 N, aleph dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ge 43* 
Le 2317 Ezr 818. 

nafcrj tfnrr (is. d^idp jtsj?M) o'pcn nto 'm, a ie P h 

dagheshed, z'.e. written with daghesh, and in some books the 

r§sh dagheshed. 
*&T#\ '**, aleph (written) small. Le 1*. 
HIT!) M, aleph quiescent or silent. Ge 4 s3 Nu ll 4 Josh 24 M Ju 4 21 

I Sa 122* 1433 is 3Q6 329 j e 40M Ez 39* Ho 118 P s 3410 10413 

116« Job 317 I Chr 52«. 
7TW N, aleph audible, the opposite of JlTO 'fc*. Ps 135 6 136 8 Ne 8 10 . 
^rQ.^ N, aleph (written) large. I Chr l 1 . 
F>m lYlM mn DM •»? ^5 n,^pB )N3 pM, there is not a com- 

plete pause here but, an interval of one letter. Ge 47 s8 . 



3, b6th. The second letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

3 = 2, i- 2,000. 
N"TO '3, twice with h6, Le. VtTQM, for ^ITON, II Chr. IF 8 . 

The second reference is to I Chr. 2 29 , where the Massorah has- 

the same note TTP2N for TITSN. 
ntifa^ 2, b&th dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. II Ki 10 18 . 
NT#i 'l, b£th (written) small. Pr 30 16 . 



14 

D*«3n? 1, two accents. Ge 35 22 50*7 Ex 127 3231 tf u 20 1 De 6" 

Je 231 Ez 48 10 Zeph 2 15 La 4 9 Ec 4™ Ne 12". 
N PI yP5- D^Jttp 'l, two accents on one word. II Ki 17 18 . 
■H2$L p^O 'l, two nuns with (the vowel) tsArA. Is 30 11 . 
p3J^ O^t l^^P ^* Twice * 8 tte various reading 51^3 on the 

ground of the sense. Ex. II 6 . 
Jin^n? 2-, bAth pathached, i.e. written with pathach. De 27 8 . 
YEH 2, b&h (written) large. Ge l 1 . 
PFD^ H, bAth raphA, i.e. written without daghesh, when daghesh 

might have been expected. Ge 4 4 . 
J^ttfalPJ ptt^ i, two rushes dagheshed, i.e. the letter rAsh written 

twice with daghesh. Ez 16 4 . 
N"pQ, w. «H5., (written) with he\ Josh 15«. 
*]f?N nnW «n5„ (written) with he" instead of aleph. I Ki 10 19 . 
tifcp} (i.e. NppS) pDQ D3^5-, (written) with an accent pisqa and 

daghesh. I Ki ll 22 . 
MpP? M v?., (written) without pisqa. Ge 4 s . 
D"D1, i.e. DD&, (written) with mem. Ge 31 9 . 
rtfCQ!3?) ni?©^' (written) with maqqeph and an accent. Ge 8 18 . 
Dv^fTl *lp?P5> (written) with maqqeph and (the vowel) cholem. 

Ps 138 2 . 

*b rtap pM P^?pP ^?PP5-» in some *> ooks tne word *? is 

omitted. Ge 29 2 ». 
'ft bOJ, D'HDp JlSppj', in some books (written) without mem. 

Job 31 11 . 
*h rhl2 MSQ3 N7 D*HSp n?pP5-, in some books the word *h 

is not found. Je 45 4 . 
«'^a, i.e. M^Efe* Nnpi25 or MnpJS-, sometimes for the plural 

pV})lfc$ nlMnp25., in another copy, or in other copies. 
MtfT^ **"», another copy reads MIT?**. Job 35 1 . 
f^nj 'fc$ tV'lD, in other copy or copies aleph is quiescent or silent; 

e.g., Pr l 4 , read D^HpS, or more probably DVtSJP, with 

aleph omitted as in vv.V2,32. Pr l 4 77 8' 9« 14» 27^. 



15 

^7/i?n"JlM N 32, i.e. insert DN with maqqeph. Ne 13 2 . 
vQ$, N 32, z.e. read cholem plene. Job 9 80 . 
"^2 N 32, i.e. read cholem plene. Pr 28 1 ?. 
tf?l$L 2H « 32, in other copy or copies the b£th is written with 

daghesh. Job 15 8 . 
nnp|L ^« Y5g& 'an «"32, the b&h (written) with qamets or with 

pathach. Da 5 X 7. 
TltiKFj XI « 32, the gimel dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. 

Job 30». 
ttfcjTT fcTQ, in N 32, in other copy or copies the daleth (written) 

without daghesh. La 322. 
•HESL "in fc"32, the daleth with (the rowel) ts6r6. Ezr 7» 

. p"rq. 'Tin i« ntf v* ^n''p:>'nn n"32, the u with (the 

vowel) qamets chatuph and the shin dagheshed, or the h^ with 

(the vowel) chireq qaton. Job 21 5 . 
ttfalSl 'in «"32, the vav with daghesh. 
N102 ton N 32, in other copy or copies the t£th (written) with 

sheva. Job 17 9 . 
7iap2 ^n fc*"32, the yddh (written) with seghol. I Chr 2 4 ?. 
ntt^J^ 7n N 32, the lamedh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. 

Job 172. 
nttfoPJ 'ttn «"32, the mem dagheshed. Job 22 12 . 
*»]iai «7 '^n «"32, the p6 not (written) large. Ge 30* 2 . 
TVO^ pn «"32, the qoph dagheshed. Job 1222. 
YDpJJ in K '32, the r&m with (the vowel) qamets. Esth 1 M . 
N1#2 'tt>n «"32, the shin with sheva. Ec 222. 
isTO 1 N 32, the vav (written) plene, i.e. read rTjYfiJ. Pr P7. 

thy npipirj rh^n ravj ona. p« oy^rr? onsprw n"32 

*r7ln Ipn IV7, in other copies and in accurate books the word 
*T vln is wanting, and the rule is given that *TTin is not 
written defectively. Ne 12 10 . 

Y 4 |?l ^ 22, i.e. read with (the accent) munach instead of tarcha. 
.Ps78 65 . 



Dyp") fc 31, read with (the vowel) qamets instead of pathach. 

Ps 11210. 
Y^j^ t M 31, zayin with (the vowel) qamets. Ps 144 18 . 
131^ tV'31, read 13t^ for *I30^, i.e. omit the methegh. Pr 4 M . 
*»»£)? «"31, read lE^P for *1B£P, i.e. omit the daghesh. Ps 102* 8 . 
T 2 |CPD n7Jl£l ]N3 N 31, in other copy or copies here is the 

beginning of chapter {lit. sign, indication, is. of the 

chapter) 24. I Sa 23". 
M b ]D^D n|?n]p JN3 N 31, in other copy or copies here is the 

beginning of chapter 31. Je 30 26 . 
J3 M 31, read ^3 with (the accent) mahpakh, instead of galgal. Pr 23 81 . 
VET) 'h fc*"31, lamedh (written) large. Rn 3 18 . 
+)% "h 1^3 N*? «"31, the kethibh reads vb, not, the qeri <k 9 to 

him. Job 6» 
^ rife M2752 N*? «"31, the word ^ is not fonnd. Ez 47«. 
KDjy N"31, read ND^, with aleph instead of he. I Chr 2^. 
Ill «"31, i.e. read chdlem plene, 3Yl for lh. Ps 1067. 
DttfttJ M 31, with (the accent) mahpakh < instead of azla . Ps 122*. 
1 ^DJL, with sin, i.e. pronounced s, not sh. I Sa 13 s . 

nnpi 'ton dtwt? (**.*. t Tpn? or •on?) ^"i Dnopa, in 

books written by hand (i.e. in manuscripts) that are accurate 

the teth is with pathach. Ne 12 80 . 
VDpSL TTT D*HQD fi2|?l, in some books the daleth (written) with 

qamets. Pr 267. 
p^TTjL 171 D^IDp n§|?2L, in some books the rteh (written) with 

chireq. Da 6 11 . 
Yfin 'rtn D^BP ^§l?^> "* Bome ^ ooks ^ e **v (written) large. 

Del8i 3 . 
h% rho M203 N*? DnDP nSj??L, in some books the word *?» 

is not found. I Sa 10 6 . 

•nyya ovnp 1 ? .7ih&ri d^di? 'i )«i ins*?? d^idp njjpj, 
o^to D3^« rrfiDtjn hjj* •Yon a"d pnoe 'n 'n D^pjn 
jvVai nfe d^W M^p!? npcn «*? po^ *rft$? 



17 

in some books these two verses are found here ; they are taken 
from the First Book of Chronicles, chapter 6, verses 63 and 64. 
According to the Massorah however they ought not to be ; but 
that the reader may not be at fault, we have set them down 
here in the margin. Josh 21 36 . 

■TYOO'? Hf D^59 ^?l?? , » m 80me D0 °ks tn e right shin, i.e. with the 
point on the right (ttJ). I Chron 4 s6 . 

1 12)1> n ^1 ]D^D TlEy tDMh^L, at the top of a column, the sign is 
i»t{? PPJ., " his name is Jah " (Ps 68 B ). The last two words 
form a vox memorialis, intended to recall the initial letters of 
words with which in the passages quoted a new column or 
page must be commenced. The first passage is Ge l 1 
(n^trft), the rest are as follows ; Ge 49* (HTHT), Ex. 14^ 
(DTOH), Le 16» (v;^), Nn 246 (fflD) f De 31* (TTT^W).) 

VnriM tiXT) pyNfy, with shureq followed by daghesh. II Ki 16™ 

TQTja, with (the accent) tebhir. Ge 13 18 Ex 3 1 . 

n^30? ) ^tt^, with the right shin, i.e. the point on the right (ttJ). 
T Ne 57,io 1Q32. 



3, gimel. The third letter of the Hebrew alphabet; as numeral, 

a=*3. 
HttftJl '3, gimel dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ex 15W* 1 . 
NTJft \ gimel (written) small. Job 7 6 . 
^rai 'a, gimel (written) large. Le 13 38 . 



*T, daleth. The fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

1 = 4. 
&y%) S, daleth (written) small. Pr 28 1 ?. 
n2%j? H daleth with qamets. Ex 294 s . 
o9ltt T, "rr« ttJil, daghesh after (the vowel) cholem. Ps 94* 1 107 21 . 

MA8.NOTB8 B 



18 

jTYlttJ inM ttfrl, daghesh after (the vowel) shureq. Ge 2 26 II Sa 
721,23 1 Ki T 6* Is 28W 331 51* 55* Je ll 1 * 31»8 Ee 16* 20 1 * 23« 
27 M Ho 10 w Pb 31* 37 3 » 4514 52» 682* 766 s 81* 102* Job 57 22« 
Eccl 108 Ne 1P B I Chr 3 5 20 8 II Chr 27 9 M Wi. 

i"r) inSl ttJi'l, daghesh after a long vowel; 2 n=n7iTI n^i2^. 
Ex 1612 Is 16» Job 13». 

rftavvp. rnton ^rr ntt) n^wr ttfrnip, ah 1 !. (The word) ch} 

(is to be written) at the beginning of a line, and it is the middle 
of the Law by the words (i.e. the middle word of the 
Pentateuch). Le 10™. 

ft 

JT, he\ The fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; as numeral, PF = 5. 

JpEQ VO^ Vr, h6 without mappiq. Ex 2 3 . 

'» DipOSl 'n, he in the place of aleph. Je 8« 19" Zech 9 s Ps 921 

Job 821 26» Da 4® 5 20 . 
&y$\ 'PT, h£ (written) smaU. Ge 2*. 
JTPJV 'Jl, h6 superfluous. Ge 27 s . 
JTOSX W nyjl «^?TI ^mi Vr, he (written) large, and it is a 

word by itself . De 32 6 . ' 

HD^ PT, h6 smooth, i.e. written without mappiq. Nu 15 s8 , 3 ! 32*2 I Sa 

2020 is i 8 5. 

h^Xffl 'MP!, the aleph with seghol. I Ki 1624 j^ 217. 

nng?, '«n, the aleph with pathach. II Sa l 3 *. 

■nS^l 'MPT, the aleph with tsere. , Ez 311*. 

(ITU 'fcn, the aleph quiescent or silent. I Ki 11 3 » Ez 47 8 Zech ll 5 

Ps 99« Ne 68. 
nn? t)pTQ 2tn, the beth with (the vowel) chateph pathach. 

Zech 41 3 . 
^apSL 'in; the beth with seghol. Le 241° Is 332«. 
nnp5, 'in, the beth with pathach. I Sa 1712 2110 I Ki 1916 j] z 3228 

Da ll 40 ' 42 I Chr 933 
•nSj 'an, the beth with tsere. II Sa 912. 
YDJ2JL 'an, the beth with qamets. Je 327, 



19 

N1#a an, the b&h with sheva. Le 7 s8 . 

nttft JjT 2H, the b6th dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. I Ki 12 39 . 

nTDn?) in, the beth pathached, i.e. written with pathach. Nu 28 10 . 

tlC^ an, the b6th smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ju 8 2 Ez 23 48 . 

V5IJJ jn, the gimel with qamets. Ez 23 12 . 

J7Q1 311, the gimel smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ge 18 6 Ex 12 39 

EZ32 30 . 
tifrl^L ^n» the daleth with daghesh. Ju 18 21 II Ki 23^. 
3P3}SL TBI? V®?& P'^a XT, the daleth with (the accent) 

zaqeph qaton, but in the Spanish books with (the accent) rebhia\ 

Ge I". 
nttftjjT in, the daleth dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Da 3 2 , 8 . 
p^VTS. TTH, the he" with chireq. Ezr 6* 
jFBBty nn, the he" with mappiq. Ez 22^. 
Y£j£L &"T!71, the U with qamets. Ge 6™ 1017. 
HDl N nn or Jin, the h£ smooth, i.e. without mappiq. Is 21 2 

Je 6« 44i» Ez 24 6 47 10 Zeph 2 1 * Zech 5 n Pr 12 2 * 21 22 . 
nttftj^ ^n, the yodh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ps 118 5 » 18 . 
tifaTjL an, the kaph with daghesh. Is 5 5 . 
N in** ina ttJanSL an, the kaph with daghesh after a semi- vowel 

(i.e. the letters « 71 1 or 1). Da 5U. 

V?!^ ^*> tlie ka P h ^k q* 1116 * 8 - Is 3 ^ 13 . 

ttfrlSL Vf, the lamedh with daghesh. Ju 13» 18 2 ». 

nnD5- vPT, the lamedh with pathach. I Sa 167. 

Ypj^ 7n, the lamedh with qamets. II Sa l 1 Ez 20 18 * 21 . 

ntt^lil 7n, the lamedh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. 

Ju 20«i I Sa 8i» j e 94 Est h 6is. 
nSHQi? vPI, the lamedh qametsed, i.e. written with qamets. Ez 12i 2 . 
nDT 7n, the lamedh (written) smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ju 16 i6 

Ez 175 31* p s 747. 
p^Tf^L Qn, the mem with chireq. Is 14 3 . 
TttpSL fan, the m&n with seghol. Ec 3 2 *. 
nJ?D5. fan, the mem with pathach. Is 60* Je 4 5 . 



20 



• 

-nXj 'nil, the mem with tsere. I Ki .5*> Je 12" 

VDpS. EH, the mem with qamets. De 5 s8 * Ez 3 s7 . 

pllttf?. DH, the mem with shureq. Mi 2 8 . 

nttta? 'Dn, the mem dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Job 173. 

PID-I Wl.the mem (written) smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ge 7*» 

Is 59". 
ukl* '31, the nun with daghesh. Ez Id" 27« Mi 7*>. 
jrWlSL '2.1, the nun with chireq. Ez 27 sa . 
nnoi '3D, the nun with pathach. II Sa 12" Ez 16*«. 
ttri 'OH, the samekh with daghesh. II Chr 31?. 

yop T ' HTO or P" m ' Dn ' th ° samekh With cMt6pl1 q&met8 " 

I Ki 13? II Ki 2 1 -". 
nriog. 'DPT, the samekh with pathach. I Ki 20* 8 21*. 
ntfWJ 'D!l, the samekh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ex27». 

*»1S5. '3T»,"the 'ajro ^^ ts6r6 - Ge 468 * - 

Y9$. yn, the V n ™ th qamets. Ju 19* Is 33 21 . 

'pn'p^Ttp D^rTjl 'Kl, the pe with cholem and the tav with 

chireq. Je 25 s4 . 
nnoa St!, the pe with pathach. Is 20*. 
^''Cn, the P 6 with tsere. Ju 8». 
ntfW7 OH, the pe dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ex U 



ttfalS. 'SSI, the tsade with daghesh. Is 58 s . 

,/ni 'sn (i-e. yog TO*), the tsad6 ^ chat6ph q§mets ' 

Is 27 8 Ps 119 s3 - 
TOp* fa, the qoph with qamets. I Sa g". 
ntftf? >n, the qoph dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ju 20 

ISa28 10 Ps45 10 . 
HIP pn,theq6ph(written)smooth,i.e.withoutdaghesh. IK1I8 • 

tt& 'in, the resh with' daghesh. Pr 3» Ca S». 
D 9,m '^ the resh with cholem. Ez 27*. 
p //" m \y\i-e- VP5 W*)> the r * h ™ th 0h& ^ Vh q&met8 * 
Esth 2 1 *. 



21 

nn?£ 1PJ, the r&h with pathach. Josh 14 2 Ez 26™ Ob 2°. 
•nTSS," or 'nsg, 'in, the r&h with tserk Ez 36«W. 
yDfjgi in, the r&sh with qamets. De 337 Ju 4" Da 10 M . 
nttftHI in, the r6sh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. II Ki 

*683Prl4WEzr9«. 
tt531^ 'ttJn, the shin with daghesh. II Chr 26 16 . 

p n3 tt?n O'.e. Yp£ ^0?")' the sllin ^^ cn ^P n qamets. I Ki 
1920 Is 27 4 . 

nnD^ 'ttfn, the shin with pathach*. Ge 4312 j u 57 1 Chr 1527 27*. 

■nS^ or TFS& ^ the shin with tserk Ge 262* Josh 7 9 II Sa 1312. 

YPIJ3. ttJn, the shin with qamets. Ju 617 Zech 9 9 . 

WNfe CJn, the shin with sheva. Eccl 3 X8 . 

nttfajl ttfn, the shin dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Pr 27 26 
n Chr 32 80 . 

nDI fifrl, the shin (written) smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ex 13 X8 
Ez 22 s4 Jon 4ii Zech 412. 

Cftia 'HPT, the tav with daghesh. I Sa 17 35 . 

nn?i 'nn, the tav with pathach. Ju 16 5 Hab 217. 

^1?5L 'pa, the tav with ts6re\ Josh 2i». 

YPp3. Hi!, the tav with qamets. Ezr 47. 

n*D1 Jin, the tav (written) smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ju 16 28 
Is 22ii. 

^23. l"i*n, the yodh (written) with ts6re\ Je 1717. 

l^nM JiD3 DSttfiPT, the accent drawn back, i.e. on the penultimate 
syllable instead of the ultimate. De I91 9 . 

vy%$ p3n, the nun with tsere. Ex 22 32 . 

nitDpn. The Haphtarahs were the paragraphs or lessons from the 
Prophets, earlier and later (0^1)1^ D^ttJMI D^3J), 
appointed to be read in the synagogues on Sabbath and festival 
days, corresponding to the Parashahs (nttJID) or portions taken 
from the Pentateuch (PHi Jin) . Of these last there were 669 in 
the five books of the Law, 290 being open (nfflH?), and 379 
closed (rTO*mp). This distinction referred to the mode 



22 

of writing the Hebrew text, nTO]!?) denoting that the rest of 
the line was left "open" i.e. blank, PTCWJlp that the next 
succeeding verse began on the same line, which was therefore 
" closed." In the printed Hebrew Bibles the open parashahs 
are marked by the letter D (i.e. T}TXWs}i) written in the line, 
the closed by the letter D (i.e. PTOVlp) ; but the distinction 
between the two is not always observed. When the letter is 
thrice repeated (DDD or DDD) the reference is to the so- 
called Greek Sections or Pericopae, fifty-two or fifty-three in 
number, intended for the weekly Sabbath reading, that the 
whole Law might be read through in the year. The close of 
the Haphtarah is marked by 3 ^ or |M3 "TJf, i.e. " thus far," 
or " to this point." 

Josh l 1 , mi/I niTTjtp n, the Haphtarah pi the joy of the Law, the 
lesson for the last day of the feast of Tabernacles, so-called 
because the consecutive reading of the miJl was concluded 
on that day. De 33 1 — W*. 

Josh 2\ ^T^IP 'n, for the 37th Sabbath of the year. Nu 13 2 , the 
Parashah being indicated by the Hebrew word or words with 
which it begins. 

Josh 5 3 , npS) Vt» fntfcO Di*» 'PI, for the first day of the feast of 
Passover. Ex 12 2 i" 51 . 

ju #, rnia? ntirn p^rupfc tf*i rhtifr Vr, for the 16th Sabbath 

of the year, corresponding to the Parashah beginning with 

the word n?ttj^, but there are some who begin with the words 

* and Deborah sang,' i.e. Ju 5 1 . Ex 13 17 . 
Ju ll 1 , npj^ n, for the 39th Sabbath. Nu 19*. 
I Sa l 1 , Tiyfiri tfNh hti ]il»«n D^ 'PT, for the first day of the 

year" Ge2P-3*. 
I Sa ll 14 , rnp H for the 38th Sabbath of the year. Nu 16*. 
1 Sa 15 1 , "VOT D !1, corresponding to the Parashah beginning with 

the word Tttt. De 25*7. 
I Sa 20 18 , 'fc* D^l n""\ vllffij H, when the beginning of the 



month (II 1 = ttflh ttffcVl) falls on the first day, i.e. when 
the new moon coincides with a Sunday. Nu 28 8 " 16 . 

II Sa & VNa# 'fT, for the 26th Sabbath. Le 9K 

n Sa 221 np£) bti 't Di^ «n^H n, for the 53rd Sabbath, and 
for the seventh day of the Passover. De 32 1 . In certain 
instances the intercalary year might contain fifty-four Sabbaths, 
and the lessons from the Law were arranged accordingly ; in 
ordinary years, when the number of Sabbaths was less, two or 
more portions were read together in pairs, that the reading of 
the whole Law might be concluded within the year. 

I Ki 11, PPM ^H Vl, for the fifth Sabbath. Ge 231. 

I Ki 2i, ipj£ NTH 'n, for the twelfth Sabbath. Ge 47**. 

I Ki 315, YJSJP H, for the tenth Sabbath. Ge 41\ 

I Ki 526, rTttnft H for the 19th Sabbath. Ex 25*. 

I Ki 713, D^nDP an5P5 hT)$y\ Vr, for the 22nd Sabbath, accord- 
ing to the usage of the Spanish Jews. Ex 35 1 . 

i Ki 7*>, ^5 vjnpq rntasjn mr) D^tjte anj»5 ^ijpa 'n 

D^SCpn, for the 22nd Sabbath (Ex 351) according to the 
usage of the German Jews ; but it is the Haphtarah of the 
23rd Sabbath (Ex 38 2 i) according to the Spanish Jews. 

IKi7 5 i, 0^2?$*? 3HJP5 ^p? n, for the 23rd Sabbath according 
to the usage of the German Jews. Ex 38 2 i. 

I Ki 8 2 , niSID 7$ ijtf DV> 'PT, for the second day of Tabernacles. 
Le 22 26 — 23**. 

I Ki 8 s4 , TTSS^ 'WDtjJ H, for the eighth concluding day of the 
feast of Tabernacles, which day was reckoned as a separate 
festival; if the day fell on a Sabbath, the corresponding 
Parashah was De 14 22 — 1617 if on a week-day De IS™— 1617. 

I Ki 18i, on;50?«n Xiy?p «ten •E n, for the 21st Sabbath 
according to the usage of the German Jews. Ex 30 12 . 

I Ki 18 2 *, DTlDDPT jnjttj Kfetfl ^ TT, for the 21st Sabbath 
according to the usage of the Spanish Jews. Ex 30 12 . 

I Ki 18 46 , DnjD H, for the 41st Sabbath. Nu 25i°. 



24 

II Ki 41, «n?1 'PT, for the fourth Sabbath. Ge 18*. 
II Ki 4*2, jrnjft H, for the 27th Sabbath. Le 1». 
II Ki 7 3 , JPli!ftp H, for the 28th Sabbath. Le 141. 
II Ki ll 17 , D v£tp D n, corresponding to the section (Parashah) 

of the shekels, i.e. to be read on the day on which the shekels 

were received. 
II Ki 23 1 , np5 7tt> ^B? DV 'PT, for the second day of the Passover. 

Le 22*6—23**. 
Is 11, D^S^n H^« n, for the 44th Sabbath. De l 1 . 
Is 61, i^iT J»#?l H, for the 17th Sabbath. Ex 181. 
Is 10* np5 bti ^Dtp DV Vl, for the eight day of the Passover ; 

De 14 22 — 1617, or if the eighth day fell on a weekday De 15™ 

—1617. 
Is 401, tinipW H, for the 45th Sabbath. De 3 3 ». 
Is 4027, 3*?"^ H, for the third Sabbath. Ge 12*. 
Is 42 5 , n^«^ Vf, for the first Sabbath. Ge 1\ 
Is 4321, bnjpvj n, for the 24th Sabbath. Le li. 
Is 491*, 3gX n, for the 46th Sabbath. De 712. 
Is 511 2 , D^SrtttJ H, for the 48th Sabbath. De 16™. 
Is 541, M2]l ^3 !l Q5) nb PI, for the second Sabbath, and also for 

the 49th Sabbath. Ge 6», and De 21™ 
Is 54ii, nb^O H, for the 47th Sabbath. De 11 2 «. 
Is 55«, D^W5«P«n aPKJOj ^?.l Vl, for the 52nd Sabbath according 

to the nsage of the German Jews. De 311, 
Is 57i 4 , "VIED D^ PT, for the day of atonement, at th§ morning service, 

Lel6. 
Is 601, ^in 13 H, for the 50th Sabbath. De 26*, 
Is 611°, p^aSQ H, for the 51st Sabbath. De 29*. 
Js 66 1 , ttHh ttffcT) J13.tt? Vf, for a Sabbath and the beginning of a 

month, i.e. when new moon falls on a Sabbath. Nu 28 9 "i 5 . 
Je li, HiffiBn nftO n D^ niDt? H^M 1 ! n, for the 13th Sab- 
bath, and also for the 42nd Sabbath. Ex 11 and Nu 30 2 . 
Je 2 4 , ^pB Vl, for the 43rd Sabbath. Nu 331 



25 



Je 721, IS Vf, for the 25th Sabbath. Le 6*. 

Je 8 13 , 3^3. 10 H, for the ninth day of the month Ab. De 4 25 " 40 . 
Je 1619, V^njL Vf, leg. YYlplJJL, for the 33rd Sabbath. Le 26». 
Je 311, il'S 7# ^OJ DV? Vl, for the second day of the beginning 
of the year (^ = ^11 OftVl), i.e. the day after new year's 
day. Ge 22. 
Je 32«, ^D nn$l 'n, for the 32nd Sabbath. Le 251. 
Je 34 8 , D'npBljto Vl, for the 18th Sabbath. Ex 211. 
Je 4613, PI5HB-^N M3 'il, for the 15th Sabbath. Ex 101. 
Ez 11, HWatp ^b '« U\h H for the first day of the feast of 

Weeks. Ex 19 x — 20 26 . 
Ez 1722, WbJPT 'il, for the 53rd Sabbath. De 321. See above, on 

II Sa 221. 
Ez 202, D^ttrnj? Vl, for the 30th Sabbath. Le 19*. 
Ez 221, nto nrj« Vl, for the 29th Sabbath. Le 161. 
Ez 2825, fr^NI Vl, for the 14th Sabbath. Ex 62. 
Ez36i«, PHS ntthB H, for the Parashah of the (red) heifer. Nnl9 

Ez3637, rhryryo o'mDpponpB hw njrterr ^m mtf 1 ? Vi 

j ■ • T T . . V V .. - . T _ . 

^ £% *^0^' ^ or a ^ aDDatn (that falls on) an ordinary (i.e. not 
a regular festival) day of the feast of Passover, but the 
Spanish Jews begin at chap. 37 x . Ex 3312 — 342«. 
Ez 371 5 , l&5?5 Vf, for the eleventh Sabbath. Ge 44i g . 

Ez 38i8, niy© bti tyton hsrry natf 'n. for a Sabbath (that 

falls) on an ordinary day of the feast of Tabernacles. Ex 3312 

*— 34 26 or part of Nu 29, the portion varying with the day of 

the feast ; cp. sup, on chap. 36 37 . 
J3z 431°, r^Sip Vf, for the 20th Sabbath. Ex 27 20 . 
gz 4416, 1^^ Vl, for the 31st Sabbath. Le 211. 
Ez 4516, ^1# TOM H3 p^TTPD trTIDtprTJ ttfrhPf HtthS H, 

for the Parashah of the new moon, but the Spanish Jews begin 

at v. 18. Ex 121-20. 
Ho 21, WD na^pj. Vf, for the 34th Sabbath. Nu 1*. 
Ho 117, ap$£ «2?.l H, for the seventh Sabbat. Ge 28™ 



26 

Ho 1213, D^tpM aPTJipp rfctfB H for the eighth Sabbath ac- 

cording to the usage of the German Jews. Ge 32*. 
Ho 142, prrUQ£ ajg, 'vfy Qj} ^ 'n, for the 52nd Sabbath, 

and also for the ninth day of (the month) Ab in the evening. 

De 31 1 ; cp. sup. on Is 55 6 . 
Am 2«, Sttfn H, for the ninth Sabbath. Ge 37 1 . 
Am 97, Dn35$tfn JnjpS D'ntfVlj? n, for the 30th Sabbath ac- 
cording to the usage of the German Jews. Le 19 1 . 
Obadl, ri70?3 Vf, for the eighth Sabbath. Ge 32*; cp. sup. on 

Ho 1213. 
Jon I 2 , nrrjPy "V)S3 D"^ n, for the day of atonement in the 

evening. Le 18. 
Mi 5«, phi «T?1 Vf, for the 40th Sabbath. Nu 22*. 
Hab 2 20 , rflJttUtf 7$ a DV>7 n, for the second day of (the feast 

of) Weeks. De 15 19 — 16 17 ; or if the day were a Sabbath, from 

chap. 14 22 . 
Zech 21 4 , TO^Dl r&tt& OX) ^r&yrrz 'n, for the 36th Sabbath; 

and also for the Sabbath of (the feast of) Dedication. Nu 8 1 , 
£ech 141, rfiyiD ^tf '« DY» H, for the first day of (the feast of) 

Tabernacles. Le 22^— 23**. 
Ma li, arK* nnWl 'n, for the sixth Sabbath. Ge 25i». 
Ma 3 4 , v^ail ]l2.ttj n, for the great Sabbath, i.e. the next before 

the Passover. 

Ntt^D DTip ©^arf D^Jflp? «^pn, let the reader sound (i.e. 
chant, make audible) the (accent) geresh before the (accent) 
telisha. Ge 5 29 Le 10 4 . In the latter passage the note is 
misprinted; read ttDiH and N^/iTf. 

HB^ )^D» tlie sllin (written) smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ps 104 i8 . 

1 

\ vav. The sixth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 1 = 6. 
&?$} \ vav (written) small. Ps 24 4 . 



27 



iTlVP 1, vav is superfluous or unnecessary, i.e. Vffi22l and Tp.SN 

should be read, though the written text implies ^rrttoSl and 

TflSM. De82»Jel». 
nn^in? \ vav pathached, i.e. written with pathach. II Sa l 10 . 
POptpp \ vav cut short or divided ; in some texts the vav is written 

small \ not S. Nu 25 1 *. 
YEH \ vav (written) large. Esth 9». 
Jtf VANS, rn"inn *W1 NVTl ''flSH \ vav (written) large, and it 

(marks) the middle of the Pentateuch (reckoned) by the letters. 

Le 11« 
•VIP rVJNV), the plural 0X^*1) is conjectured. I Sa 126. 



t, zayin. The seventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 
1-7. 

NTS! \ "^y™ (written) small. Esth 9». 

V^O t, zayin (written) large. Ma 3 22 . 

VVTJ or Mn|^ pj, zayin (written) large. Ge 3481 n Ki 17». 



PI, chdth. The eighth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

n-a 

NTJft Vl, cheth (written) small. Job 33 9 . 

PEPlQp tl, ch6th qametsed, i.e. written- with qamets. Le 8®. 

YCPl Vl, ch&h (written) large. Esth 1«. 

vitl, common or profane, i.e. the word used does not in these passages 

refer to God. Ge 19* 31*» De MPW» 
1DH, wanting, i.e. a letter is missing. Ge 25 s * II Sa ll 11 . 
'** or. *)' /l ?H ^pH, aleph is wanting. Ge 20« Le 11« Nu 11" 15^ 

De ll 18 28 5 7 Ju 4™ I Sa P? 25 8 II Sa 14™ 19" 20° 22*> II Ki 2** 

Je 8 11 9 17 44W 8 W B 519 Ez 20»7 21» 28 16 39*« Mi 1" Zech 5 9 

Ps 13920 j b pi 1581 3218 Ru iu Ne 3<\ 



28 

Vf IDPf, h6 is wanting. Nu 23 13 Ju 19 13 . 

I "lpn, vav is wanting. Nu 3 61 . 

'•» or W ^DPT, yodh is wanting. Nu 29** De 12 21 Josh 5 1B II Sa 

3 s * Is 38 57» Je 26« 3418 3322 5288 p r 521 n Chr 20». 
nM^ipa '■» ^pH, the last yddh is wanting. Ge 1» 

II M vD D^SP ^?|??^ ^ ^P0» y°^ n i g wanting, but in some books 

the yodh is written in full. Pr 5 9 . 
TOftM^ S'n, chateph pathach with athnach. Ps 48*. 
O'plDSJSl ^?PlJ ^Dj * ne middle of the book (counting) by the 
' verses. Ge 27*> Ex 22*7 Le 157 N u 1720 De 171° Josh 13*« Ju 
. 10 8 I Sa 282* I Ki 22* Is 33*1 Je 28" Ez 26i Mi 312 p 8 78* Pr 
1618 Job 2216 Ca 414 Ru 2» La 3^ Ec 6™ Esth 57 Ne 3 8 *. 
D^DSJS. mifln ^PT, the middle of the Pentateuch (counting) by 
the verses. Le 8 8 - 

10, t6th. The ninth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

10 = 9. 
t*yy) 'tO, t6th (written) small. La 2 9 . 
' *rOT\ 't0, teth (written) large. Job 9 s * Ec 7 1 . 



\ yodh. The tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

•• = 10. 
'** CippSL \ yodh in the place of aleph. Job 8 8 Da 4^. 
t*y%] \ yodh (written) small. De 3218. 

rnvjb *)iD5i nrrin? 'a \ see '». 

V\Sn \ yodh (written) large. Nu 1417. 

rrt^npj «'\ eleven (M"i) points or dots. De 29* 

n rwntf rhnipio Vrrm rrt*w& W* ^ n ^ *>» «*»be 

should pause i.e. leave an interval of four lines empty, and 
begin from the beginning of line five ; ad init. Ex Le Nu De. 
1% ^73. D"\ in some books (D ^ = D^Sp ti£, there are books) 
written without (the word) 1%. Ne 12« 



yipp H^?0^ P& ^ ^ * n some ^xxfez the qoph (written) with chateph 
qamets. I Chr 6™> s *. 

'** Tff, aleph is superfluous. Josh 10 24 Ju 13* 8 II Sa 10*7 lli£i<w.) 
12^* j e 3016 Ho 4fi Jon l 14 Da 1* 2*> W* Ezr 6™ Ne 57 12» 8 
13™. 

'I W, beth is superfluous. Pr 28 8 . 

'il W, he is superfluous. Ex 7 2<J Je 26« 29 25 Pr 27 10 Ec G 10 10*> 2 ° 
Da 2 29 ' 31 '*7. 38 3 10 4 15 ^;,i» S 1 *. 18 ' 22 . 23 6 21 9 18 Ezr 5 15 . 

1 W, vay is superfluous. De 28* 4 Josh 97 15°s 23« Ju 7 20 8 1 I Sa 
6* 2 22 15 28 8 II Sa 13 8 I Ki 6" Is 18 4 26*> 44*7 58™ Je 5 25 27 20 
33^ 9 49 28 Ez 16« 18 2 * 443 Ho 8 12 Mi 1* Na 1» 2^ Zech 4.U 12« 
Ps 26 2 38 21 89^ 1015 14418 1458 Pr 2 2*W 4 Job 20 22 Ru 3" 4« 
La l 11 Esth 9 19 Da 2^^ 41 ^»>> 42 < 1 >«04Wi 4 78,10 95,24 Ezr 2 1 8 s6 
Ne 3 15 4» 9!7 lS 28 ^^ Chr 7 s4 18 10 29 5 II Chr 8 18 25* 31 WS 34 22 
35» 36 14 . 

rn&Bn ^B vj? 1 "W1?i vav is superfluous according to the 
Massorah. I Chr 29 5 . 

'*» TJT, yodh is superfluous. Josh 10 8 Ju 13 1 ? I Sa 107 24 5 26 8 
II Sa I" 21» 23 3 7 I Ki 2 s4 18 s * 22** II Ki 8 2 i 14 2 Is 26*> Je 3 4 
34 n 50 20 Ez 16W,i8^2,3i,43(b«),47^i23 4 » Zech l 4 Ps 16 10 21 2 77 20 
119H7,ifli p r 8' % 20» 2417 28" Job 157 Ca 2™ La 4P Ec 4*7 
Esth 4 4 .7 8WS 9 15 « 18 Da 2 4 W 9 35.7,10,12 Qm) 315,18,21,28 45,14,16 (to), 19,2$ 

24,28 510,14,16,21,23, (bit) 614,17,23 74,5,6,7 (bw), 8 719(ter),20 912 Ezr 4 11 7 l W™) 

10* 2 Ne 47 5* 73 I Chr I 1 ! 14™ 25 1 II Chr 3*7 8 10 1833 263,7 34 4 » 25 
3617. 
7 ^fll laoiedh is superfluous. Da 4* 5 8 » 10 . 
^TS or S ■Vi-P, tsade is superfluous. I Chr 15 24 II Chr 5 18 7 6 13 1 * 



"^ ^^1 r ^ s ^ * s superfluous. II Chr 5 12 . 

*T, 3, kaph. The eleventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 
3 = 20, *J = 500. 



30 

ntt/*IIT7 3, kaph dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ex 15!W 
Ez 17 10 . 
T?0^ •"N^tt? "^ kaph dagheshed, i .e. written with daghesh, after 
the (conjunctive) accent little Telisha. I Sa 13 u . 

Yfcl '3, kaph (written) large. Josh 14" Ps 80". 

Y»g ^3, qamets throughout. I Sa 717 Ho 113 p s 931 9610 971 991 
La 217. 

WY»SJ *)"?> kaph (written) small. Ge 23 2 . 

7 23 i.e. Vf\^h "sp^? |5i so it ought to be, *\e. the reading is correct. 
Ge 929 Nu 267 D e 4W Josh 77 Ju 8» 20* I Sa 1« 10" II Sa 6 2 » 
I419 1583 1 Ki 7 22 > 26 II Ki 9 2 15™ Is 5 28 24 s 28" 4F 497 59i« 66».* 
Je 3 22 4 18 10 5 20* 22 20 25" 26» 397 5156 e z 9* 7 26 9* HP* 11W« 
2225 26 15 » 20 36W* 40*3 41 8 44 3 47 3 48 8 Ho 4™ 14 10 Joel 4M» 
Jon 11* 42 Mi 6io 76 Zec h 310 71 Pr 18 2 * Ru 1* Ec 5" Ezr 7» 
I Chr 213 1238 2631 271. 

nrU MJ v 23, the correct reading is with the aleph quiescent, i.e. 
written as in the text. Josh 19 8 . 

3?n JVlfl rTTOJJJTS- v 23, the reading is correct in the arrange- 
ment under the "ayin. Ku 2422. 

2TT Jinn rTTO3?n!jl s 23, the reading is correct in the arrangement 
under the tsade\ Nu 17 23 . 

I^P^L v"23, the correct reading is with (the letter) sin. Je 39 s . 

WppJjL 7 23, the correct reading is with qamets. Ne 10 85 . 

njlSD^ OH v 23, the correct reading has the m&m with pathach. 
Ne9*. 

^STi 3^0? v"23, the reading is correct both according to the 
Kethibh and the Qeri. I Ki 18 6 Je 5220. 

*W) i^TO fife? v 23, the correct reading is Jit? both according to 

• I; • . V v 

the Kethibh and the Qeri. I Sa 17 s *. 
3YCJ, that which is written, see "Hp and Introd. p. 10. 
fc^'riSL 3^Jl5, the Kethibh with he* (where aleph would be expected). 

' De 311. 
'p or «n|5 «V) 3V\5, Kethibh but not Qeri. II Sa 1333 15 2 i II Ki 

5» Je 3816 3912 51 3 Ez 48™ Ru 3i 2 . 



31 

^ *>7) 2tf$, Kethibh and Qeri. Ju 12* I Sa 17** I Ki 18« Je 52*>. 



?, lamedh. The twelfth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

^ = 30. 
ttfcn M75L 7, lamedh without daghesh. Da 9*. 
HttPD^ v, lamedh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ge 19 3 . 
&T*$. ^' lamedh (written) small. La P*. 
V£H 'b, lamedh (written) large. De 29*7. 
nSD^ 7, lamedh smooth, i.e. without daghesh. Ge 26 15 . 
'PT p^SQ K 1 ?, he (written) without mappiq. II Ki 8 6 Is 23*7. 
M "Hp M v, Qeri does not read aleph. Josh 12 20 . 
q"D3, njlS p ' T?, *.e. )^*7p DIQT?, according to an ancient 

edition pathach at the end of the verse. Da 7^. 
HSflDp T u?, lamedh qametsed, i.e. written with qamets. Ge 41 60 . 
SV13 3FRN ^WTO 1 ?, according to the Easterns JTtJH Kethibh, 

i.e. the reading of the Eastern school is JFTJlM in the Kethibh. 

Ez 5ii. 
V*k* ^njTO 1 ?, the Eastern reading is TN. Ez 81 11 . 
*?« ^njTEP, the Eastern reading is *?N. Ju 9 s8 Is 37 9 6& Ez 14** 

Hab 2*« Zech 14* 3 . 
'jl WW M^L ^Mnj'TOy, the Eastern reading has aleph instead of 

he. I Chr 2527. 
'p riEO 1 ! 1TO ^951 ^MmT? 1 ?, the Eastern reading is Vl?? 1 ) 

' in the Kethibh, rS^T in the Qeri. Ez 43*. 
D^riM^P^ ^Mnj^V, ^e Eastern reading is DV^D*). .Ez 11*. 
ttBttft^ ''MnS^TO'b, the Eastern reading k tDBtjtol, i.e. with the 

conjunction *t. Je 9 28 . 
'l ^DH 'WOTO^, the Eastern reading omits the vav. II Ki 10 31 . 
*Hp D^feP !Pfi5 IPtt5 T ^njTD?, the Eastern reading is IT»ttP in 

the Kethibh, D^feP in the QerL Job 84 14 . 
hy- ^WnjTD 1 ?, the Eastern reading is 7J£. Josh 18 1 * II Sa 13« 
Ye 1612 193 n Ki 193° Ez 14™ 21 19 . 



32 

'p T? 3^5 HP ^nyjQ 1 ?, the Eastern reading is n# in the 

Kethibh, TP in the Qeri. Ez 22*. 
Ifgfi ^ynjTO 1 ?, the Eastern reading is *Tj£#. Je 15". 
J"K? Jv?P ™?3- ''Wa'yglp?, according to the Westerns without the 

word HM, i.e. the Western reading omits the word ]TM« 

II Ki 18*7. 
D^^TT 'l «|?0 n^Sfl? 1 ?, the Western reading has D^ttfeTTT, 

with the var written in full. Ec 4 1 . 
p^ttJjL 7TD) ^T^njy, according to the Nehardeans, i.e. the school 

of the city Nehardeain Babylonia, (read) b^n?"! with shureq. 

Job 2918. 



D, D, mem. The thirteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; . as nu- 
meral, »=40, D-600. 

N"V;yj D, mem (written) small. Le 6 s . 

jTJW? 5^?^3- nD^Jlp Q, mem closed in the middle of a word. 
Is9«. 

rCMnn ^DJL nrnjlg E, mem open at the end of the word. Ne2^ 

n|D|? '», mem (written) small. De 92*. 

VGfJ '», mem (written) large. Ge 50 23 , Pr l 1 . 

'l or VnI «|?0, vav (written) in full. Ge 31 8 * 48 20 Le 26** Nu 2(F 
2226 De 237 172° Josh 17 24™ Ju 27 4™ 13* I Ki 14" lb*#> 16^1 
II Ki 3 3 93 13ii 1424 159,18,2428 1722 22» 238 Is 4324 548 592,12 Je 
1518 18* 25*2 27 1 30^ 8 33 2 « 4627 51™ Ez 1™ 2128,39 39 s Mi 1 B 6« 
Ps 18*7 25W D a ne. 

n"Y» or 'i mS», yodh (written) in full. Ex 25 81 Nu 14P. 

HSn Jim ^tCN Hv Min n^O, one word according to Ben Asher, 
and the hG without mappiq. Ca 8 6 . 

h*$ 7ID, from above, t.c. with the accent on the penultimate syllable. 
Ge 1831 Ex 1211 19« De l 88 I Sa 93* II Sa 3 8 1713 II Ki 1618 Is 
78 168* j e 1018 1110 23M2 31" Ez 391W 40i» Ho 7* Am l 8 Jon 
2 8 Hab 2 W Pr 17 w Job 20 s6 23» Da 5i». 



33 

YO£ Oip)£& TVlSh ^Jrpp, with the accent on the penultimate, and 
pathach in the place of qamets. Je 23 1S . 

3?J?P, from below, i.e. with the accent on the last syllable. Ge 4 s 26 s8 
40« Ex 87 18*« 26« Le 15 s * 22™ Nu 24*7 De 1*8 Ju 4™ 5" I Ki 
1918 i s 471,5 519 521 Ez 30* Am 4" Zeph P? Zech 9» Pg 41* 76« 
118 35 Job 33» (PfcflMJ, with athnach), Ru 4* Esth 8«(*«) II Chr 
6« 29". 
n p^Bft, he (written with) mappiq. Is 23 18 . 

jrPjpSl |TD9 M7J Httto nttJD, (the two words) STttto Httto (so 
written) without pesiq between them. Ex 3 4 . 



I, 2, nun. The fourteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

2 = 60, ] = 700. 
^JTSn 3, nun (written) large. Ru 3 18 . 
TV^ v£) 2, nun suspended. Ju 18 80 . 
M 7, 2 t!e. «3 , nCJ« «Hp^,pL £njC!8 n1«npl3, another copy, or 

other copies. 

D^$, Ps 10717. 

PirhM, Josh 10». 

*?«, Josh 1^8 17 14 I Sa 14*> 242» II Sa 19*7 II Ki 228 Hag 2*°. 

Y^IM-Sm, I Sa 22*. 

7«1 S«, Je 5R 

JQN, or |7Dbf, Ca 7*. 

rttbj, Ps 139*7. 

«3«, Da 9*. 

-n«, I Ki 8*. 

niaton-n«, i Sa 28». 

ya-)Ma, Zech 210. 

nai^/psio*. 
D^aa, Ez 22*. 

MasNotbs. O 



34 



or 



T«t>a, Eo 121. 

p"»P5> *&£, without pesxq. II Chr 16* 21". 

nsn 3S I'yp? fc* V^> without pesiq, and the bSth smooth 

without daghesh. II Chr21 w . 
HJ1D5L, (written) with pathach. Ps 100 s . 
n"pl i.e. flltflTI V5&. (written) with qamets chatuph. Ps 

147". 
HI, II Ki 19*» Is 37». 
QTQiyi, Ho 13». 

n^-ri is i5». 

Ntth,Je50". 

^ T «n, Da 8«. 

Y5«n' n Sa 10». 

n^ Da 47. 

WV33- ^tf> the lamedh with ga'ya or methegh. II Chr 23 18 . 

•^an, II Ki 7». 

TUTSI BH, the p6 with pathach. Ezr 4». 

tf£T\ 'tt^n the shin smooth or without daghesh. Da 12 1 

■nrjWi, l Sa 117 - 

3>a^«1,'je57. 

ton rpa-nN"), Ju i5«. 

•^)TO1, Da 2»». 
1t^2L7rri, Bsth 6». 

^srn, Esth 9», 

^D^'lSal^. 
•n^Vj, Ju 158. 
•fyf), Josh 8i». 

woi?*i, n Ki 7". 

?1, Ge 1». 



35 



O^W, Da 1*. 
WP*I, Josh 22*. 
STDVYJ, Josh 1562. 

n&yrn, Da s*. 

DDn, Ez 9». 

^?0' y o< *h is wanting. Ps 143*. 
f)pD, Da 232. 
Wtl, Ez 30™ 
«5M^, Ez 426. ' 
"TIP p^T» Jeduthun in the Qerl. I Chr 

safev, Ps 108H. 

¥VJ|*!, Da 123. 
D^ D^, Da 1133. 
S^, Da 7». 
^3, Is 54». 

n^3, II Ki 2013. 

Wi$'ez31ii. 

p^Dp M7, without pesiq. II Chr 242*. 

tittm tfpa 1 ?, isa232*. 

PH, Ez 14*». 
fh, Ru 2". 
iS, Josh 82». 
tfV?h, Ec 220. 

hto'ftn 1 ?, 1 Ki is**. 

O^ A Ze P h 3»- 
"•S? 1 ?, Ps 12». 
TTCto-^, Pr 4». 
^Htffp, ISaW. 
noia.'ll Ki 5». 

x 7 

intso.Naiw. 

ngJO, Pr 17». 

nanT?, j e 51*'. 
tayo/jobio 20 . 



36 

"fyfe, Da 6". 
T'StpO, Je 50». 

YOpi 2, nun with (the vowel) qamets. Ps 143 1 . 
iTttftnj, Job 4018. 

h%, Josh 10»» Ju 6»».«o II Sa 17" I Ki 20»« II Ki 9» 14« 19® Je 
28 8 29" 35" Ez 477. 

nrrby, Ez 4o«>.«. 

T7V> Zeph 318. 
VIG&, I Sa 3<F. 
^Ml^y, Is 7". 
p^D?, (written) with peslq. Esth MP. 

Q^Nng, Ps 116«. 

^"Ejl nrtS, pathach with soph pasuq. Ca 21". 
j?"ri3. 'p, qoph with (the vowel) chateph qamets. Da 2W°. 
hog£ Da 23*. 
D^p, Je 4921 
?[£J|?, Ps 104". 

V?pp5, S, resh with (the vowel) qamets. Esth I s . 
N"^??! \ ^a* 1 (written) small. Esth 9». 
mWn, Zeph 2i 6 . 
ISVl, Job 24**. 
'y\ Is 63". 
N"V5rt tf, shin (written) small. Esth 97. 

ryrnft ez 4i w . 

Dto, II Chr l 8 . 
T3tP' Ca 4". 

njnp, zeph s' 6 . 

iTlYlJ, y\1, nun with (the vowel) chireq. II Sa 11°. 

tiytoh p2, nun reversed. Nu 10 86 . 86 . 

Wy%{ P3- nun (written) small. Is 44" Je 39" Pr 16*8. 

rn^J fl2, nun separated. Ge ll 82 . 

"TEH p2, nun (written) large. Ex 347 Nu 27 8 . 

rrooVp nW -npa «W 'i p pn nSypVpi rresV*? "up?, 

pointed below and above with the exception of the vav which 
is not pointed except below. Ps 27 13 . 



37 



?y Tlp3, pointed upon, or above. Is 44 9 . 

VN v% T^p2, pointed upon (the letters) aleph yddh and vav. Ge 18 9 . 
HM bjf Tlp3, pointed upon (the word) HH. Ge 37 1 *. 
Vf 7? Tlp3, pointed upon (the letter) he\ Nu 9 10 . 
1 b% Ttp3, pointed upon (the letter) vav. Ge 19 33 . 
WJ1!Q 'l 7^ T)p3, pointed upon the last vav. Nu 29 15 . 
l^EW ^P "flpj, pointed upon (the word) )hrjM'). Nu 3 3 ». 
VTj3BJ*3 7JT -np3, pointed upon (the word) VTgBJ*!. Ge 33 4 . 
W^ill '*■ h$ Tlp3, pointed upon the last yodh. Ge 16 5 . 
1 Y^ "np3, pointed upon it. Ez 4120 46* 
M ?J *?% TV3» pointed upon (the word) NS\ II Sa 19». 
S SjJ Tlp3, pointed upon (the letter) resh. Nu 21 80 . 



D, samekh. The fifteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

D = 60. 
M^St D, samekh (written) small. Na l 8 . 
"T^SH D, samekh (written) large. Ec 12 8 . 
O^jrtD nS\? HJHy ^K%^ E, samekh (written) large according 

to the opinion of some of the Sopherim (scribes, doctors of the 

law). NU13 30 . 
IH^it?, conjectures, various readings. 
'«*», Ez IF. 

p«, Je 52. 

TXT)**, Ge 45 25 . 

*$? ^$& I* 44. 

mi*, II Ki 23 102». 

TO, De 17». | 

D|, Ho 93. j 

r77«H, Ge 19»>25 2634 Le ig27 p e 4** 7 W 19« ! 

NVTT, Ge 1933 3 i6 32*3 i Sa 19io. | 

ITO}*, Ex 820. J 

Y^ti*!, Nu 32 25 Ju 8 6 I Sa 16* Zech 67. 

^5,^ 1322. ; 



38 



INtM, Ez 141 23« 3620. 

Viyf), Nu 9«. 

IH*^, Is 66*8 Je 49«« 51« Ez 44» Mi 7«. 

nN$f, Je 48«. 

"«$$?, Ex 14" Le 7 s8 Nu 4*» De 4 s8 . 

tt£, Nu 35« De 3*>. 

V T 

JjrE 1 ?, Ez 2P7. 

PT3BE, Le 68 27 9 Josh 17 Ju 113*. 

^BO, Nu 338. 

*7}r, Josh 13 16 . 

^S-Vj?, Josh 21 3 . 

ntojm, Ex 25s 9 26^. 

113^5. ^P, se g n51 with ( the ******') athnach. Ge 22 6 » 1 <> 34** P 8 

T ' " 14* 35™> 20 48 n 5028 535 6 8i4 egs 1307 p r 177 3014,21 1 Chr 7 18 . 
*)j??5 fc*^Sl ^D, seghol without maqqeph. Esth 2 5 Ne 6 18 . 
P)j??5 ^3L Siap, seghol without maqqeph. Ps 47 5 60 2 Pr 3 1 *. 
d"D2 or p^DQ ^Dll V^D, seghol at the end of a verse. Ex 22 s4 

■Ps 78i° I Chr 1". 
nttJ^'l *HPD, samekh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. De 22*. 



y, ayin. The sixteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

JT = 70. 

VBH '"I V, ayin and daleth (written) large. De 6*. 
. T - 

NTJfi J?, ayin (written) small. La 3 36 . 

rwSfl V or rSi V" 1 suspended. Ps 80 1 * Job 38™>™. 

1H3 *T3? or 3 J7, unto this, or thus far, i.e. this is the end of the 
Haphtarah. Josh 1* Ju 11» 13» I Sa 12» 20*2 n Sa 6™ 
I Ki l 31 2 12 6 13 7 26 » 50 8 21 » 66 18 39 19 21 II Ki 4P 5 19 7 20 12*7 Is 1=8 
618 126 4026 4116 4221 4423 513 5410 555 568 581* 60 23 63 9 Je 2* 
923 1714 3119 3227 4628 Ez l 28 18 32 22 16 29 21 37 14 .28 3916 4327 4431 
Ho 2 22 12 12 14 10 Am 3 8 9 1B Ob 21 Jon 4™ Mi 6 8 Hab 3 19 Zech 47 
14 21 Mai 27 32*. 



39 

0^25^7 3'V or ]M3 1J, thus far according to the German Jews. 

Ez 3638 4618. 
0*7^597 3'V (]M3 *T3?), thus far according to the Spanish Jews. 

Ez 36» 46^5. 
TT&ypl tf K-tpjr, Athias (reads) n*OBa*. Da 10*. 
p^D5 M^5L '^P3£, Athias omits the pesiq. II Chr 30 w . 



t\> D, pe\ The seventeenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

Q = 80, f) = 800. 
Wyjgt 'Q, p6 (written) small. Da 6*>. 
VGP 'O, p6 (written) large. Ge 30* Da 6*>. 

pan nnf) mpjrng, V'm (* a rrtyr 1 ? T1? $> **) rgrw, the 

correct reading is H^TE) with the stroke under the nun. 
Ge 28MA7. 
p^DB JEflpNJ NpPB> an interval or space in the middle of the verse. 
Ge 35» Nu 25" De 28 Josh 4 1 8* Ju 21 1 Sa 10» 14P* 16V» 
17»7 2110 232.11 11 g a 52,19 git 74 1218 1618 1714 183 21i« 24MUVB 
I Ki 13» Je 38»8 Ez 3". 

nshs, see mtosn. 

T TT T TT - 

rtirftjO nflB, pathach with (the accent) athnach. Ge 218 27 2 Ex 
io*» 1620 Nu 158I De 102 Josh 1« 17i» Ju 1W* I Sa 1Q2 25 82 27* 
3022 11 Sa 227 67 202* n Ki 20» Is 8« 33».n 39 s 55" Je 7" 8Mi 
lOU 492 51B8 Ez 14" 194 2111 Ps 27 97 18i° 257 26i 27* 31" 35 W» 
4018 6612 68» 69* 84H 862 88" 9012 102* 107 s * 1191W 123 x 1291 
1311 1376 1427 1431 1481 p r 23* 24*> 30<W« J b 3*>» 420 7* 922 
1321 1718 19i° 21* 2721 34* 39 s 42« Esth 6* Da in 2U&& 4** 
510,16,17,21,2s 6 U 101 Ezr 5H 6* 716.18,20 Ne 6" I Chr 318 292». 

* The following note on XDtmQD is due to the kindness of Dr. Ginsburg in a private 
letter. " Athias was a Jewish Rabbi and printer at Amsterdam. He pub- 
lished a Hebrew Bible in four vols. 8vo, in 1661, with the official Qeri in the 
margin. Of this Bible Leusden edited a second edition, also in four vols. 
8vo, in 1667, with Latin marginal notes, in which he not infrequently deviated 
from Athias' text." See II. Gratz, History of the Jews, vol. IV., p. 733 ; 
C. D. Ginsburg, Introduction to the Hebrew Bible, p. 27. 



40 

e/'D1 or jflDB ^D3?l TOriMJ nng), or *f DM3 HHS, path** 
with (the accent) athnach and at the end of a verse. Ge 3 6 
I Ki 2 8 ».*> Ps 37 W7 4018 Job 39 s Da 5**,.- „ 

p*)DQ tfiD^. or f] Dl HflQ, pathach at the end of a verse. Ge 10 23 
16 8 17 w 1818 19™. 21 De 28 42 31 21 Ju 1*W» 6 19 » 3 W I Sa 15«#> 17 46 
1828 2111,13 272 II Sa 7 26 I Ki 4 6 21 2 7 Is 16™ 18 5 21 2 3312 63* 
Je 21* 35 4 Ez 8 2 23 4 « Ps 3» 34i 40™ 89« 118i<W2 139 3 Pr 627 
Job 7 14 9 s4 1321 39 3 40 32 Eu 21 4 La l 1 Da 2!7,3S 42,3,22 522,23^6 
71,1416 Ezr 4™ 5 4 6 13 Ne 2 16 5 14 I Chr 4 13 »i 6 8 13 17 2 2. 



Y, 2, tsade\ The eighteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as nu- 
meral, 2 = 90, ^ = 900. 
nttJVT|T 2, tsade" dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. .Ge 19 14 Ex 12 31 . 
fcTPyj '» or Y, tsade (written) small. Je 14* Job I6I 4 . 
nnin?) X, tsade pathached, i.e. written with pathach. Nu 10 9 . 
Vtjp X, tsade (written) large. Is 561°. 

nEn 2, tsade" (written) smooth, <.e. without daghesh. Ge 28 18 . 
IplftDjjl "H2 or ^P2, ts^re in close connection, i.e. in the construct. 

' I Sa 2220 Ez 181°. 
*)j?OJW IpttD?. "H 1 ?, tser§ in close connection and with maqqeph. 

" Ge80W." 



P> qoph. The nineteenth letter, of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

p=ioa 

n^Ol 'p, qoph closed. Ex 3225 tfu 7 2 . 

ntt?^^ p, qoph dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. Ge 49 10 > 17 
Ex 1517 25 2 ». 

N"^J?J P> ^P* 1 ( written ) sma11 - Ge 274fl - 
YCPl p, qoph (written) large. Ps 84 4 . 

Chb or tth|^, holy, i.e. the word refers to God. Ge 18 3 19 18 20 13 357. 
Ift-jJl ^ptj. or a"*Q yog, qamets with (the accent) zaqGph gadhol. 
Go* 41* Josh ll 4 Ho 4 2 . 



41 

p tl (*.e. ptD|5 *V2t^) ^1D|5, qiunets with (the accent) aaqeph qfttte. 
G* ll 3 ' 11 12 5 24 19 25 s8 27 s6 31 18 32 21 42 s6 44 10 >i7 49 2 W Ex 22 26 
26» 28*2 31 1 * 34" 36™ Le 5 23 13 23 17 3 »* 18 14 2F.io 24i« 25*.* 1 ' 20 
26 16 ,* 3 Nu 2!W 3*7 9 23 13 2 18 3 ' 20 22 18 * 26 . 28 23 18 24« 35 8 De 87 10 20 
13 5 16 16 18 16 22 9 26 u 27 9 28 62 » fl 7 3213,15,21,41 335,13,19,21 Josll 19 25,7 
514 gi 1714 1950 j n 115 319,25 54,19,27 76 8^ I Sa 2 6 87 17» 21 10 
n Sa 3 s * 413 12 3 > 8 13 10 147 1514 1720,22 23 1 I Ki 37 6* 917 10i« 
His 37 135 1716,20,21 1812 19W* 21 2 7 22 22 II Ki ll 12 14 28 17 15 19 w 
21 9 24* Ib 5** 8 15 13 8 14 9 * 21 . 2 * 15 5 241M 8 28 1{ W8 30i 6 31* 327,1* 
33 9 ' 10 34 3 *! 37 1 » 1 7 4021 41 26 42 1 * 25 43W 44i fi » 23 46i 3 47 3 48 s * 491°,™ 
18*26 5116 5210 537,8,11 543A17 56i° 57 1 - 20 58 2 59 8 617 64 9 65W13 6Q* 
Je 2 3 >i 9 3 21 41 8 . 22 57» 22 6 10 ' 15 8 9 A 2 9 18 10 2 * 20 12 13 16U»i 9 17 8 »n 20 8 22 u 
32^ 357 46i 2 49 29 50 6 , 6 51 32 Ez 2 5 3 21 . 2 7 5 4 « 8 7 12 15 5 »7 17 9 1W« 
15,16,17 1914 2024 2112 22 25 23M*» 27 6 32 20 33 6 34 3 39 8 47 9 Ho 4i°.i» 
57 77 8 10 10W* 12* 134.1 2 14* Joel 21° Am l 2 2*.i* 51° 91* Ob 1 
Mi 17 2 2 4 9 » n 61* 717 Hab l 10 2 5 » 6 Zeph 3 2 » 5 Zech 6 12 7 13 91* 11V7 
12V Mai 3™ Ca 2* Ru 3 i3 4*,i 8 » 22 La l 20 3 13 . 16 ^,35,4i,5s 46 55 e c 2" 
3 19 Esth 3 i2 41 9 Da 11*»W Ezr l 9 2 21 Ne l 8 6 n 9 26 >*7 I Chr 2 S9 » 5 i 
1618,22 221 3 25 3 i 29 2 « II Chr 17* 18 21 26i 2 28 s 29 s * 36*3. 

Mrn^5. y?p|5, qamets with (the accent) tarcha. Le 27™ Nu 9 2 13 8 
21« De" 9 1 * Ju 17 1 I Ki 5 3 i 20™ Is 5 9 9 9 14*7 168 221* 27 10 6&W 
Je 81 9 2 13i 3 257 3I1 3 50 10 Ho 417 7". 

Mr?5t?3- Y9£' ( l* mets ^* n ( tne accent) tiphcha. II Chr 25 8 . 

tfoto (tApiDB *}iD mipM) ^ or M^a pOg, qamets (written) 
without athnach or soph pasuq. Ez 17 15 25 3 40* 44 5 Ho 6 1 87 
Joel 21 3 4™ Am 3 8 Ps 35^ 597>i5 7122 hqi^ 1195 1266 128* 135 2 i 
137 5 .7 1438.io,i 2 Job 21!7 Ec ll 9 Esth 8* 5 1 Chr 26 9 II Chr 2 3 28i 3 . 

HflV'iatpa yiD|3 f qamets with (the accent) segholta. Ge 19* Ex 12 22 
Nu 2113 J)e 317^3 Is 5113 Je 317. 

^QDJ y?p> qamets in close connection, i.e. in the construct. Ez 13 9 . 

fcUptfSEl yijjj, qamets with (the accent) pashta. Nu 23^ Is 51« 
Je 6 28 8« 25*° 357 Ez 26™. 

JPCL^a- or ^l^Sl Ypp, qamets with (the accent) rebhia*. Le 5 23 
815 124 164 De 13 6 Josh 10i 3 I Ki 7 18 II Ki 4*o Is 610 44 2 « 64 3 
Ez 20 13 » w 22 26 Hab 3*7 Ps 44*. 



42 



"V3£Cl Y^5' qamets w i*h (* ne accent) tebblr. Le 5 18 J© 9*. 
JPITP^ VPP' 1* met8 an< * *^ e accent on tt® fiaal syllable. Ge 2 s2 . 
im VDp, qamets broad, t'.e. the vowel sign is to be read qamets and 

not qamets ch&tuph. Ps 35 10 Pr 19?. 
*"lj?, that which is read, see Introd. p. 10. 

Kethibh. 

^m 

ato^i 

T T T • 

rrvy 





Qeri. 


Ge 8" «^TIor M5>n 


10" 


a^oyi 


X483 


a^n? 


24>* 


rn^iri 


24i« 


rnjjan} 


2428 

24** 




24 s7 




25*» 


a^a 


27*» 


viqrr«^ 


30" 


T T 


301* 


T T • 


33* 


T T- 


34»(W»),i3 


mxsn 


85» 


T T • 


86W4 


tfty? 


39*> 
48*8 




46»* 


-d£' 

T » • 


49" 


Y^ 


49" 


iniD 


49 1 * 


-06r» 

T T * 


Ex I s 


T T • 


4? 

16» 

16? 





43 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


Ex 16W 


vbtpn 


iStprr 


21» 


VT" 


ifc 


22* 


YV^ 


rtv^ 


222« 


ttr©:? 


rrniD3 


27" 


*W1 


"i-n?3?V 


28^ 


vtpm? 


tayak? 


32^7 


*ar# 


nir$ 


32™ 


YH*D 


YfD 

T • 


35" 


w^ 


VTnj 


37» 


vn^ 


"Ti^?i? 


394 


t ' : 


Wi?i? 


3983 


irnsi 


VTni 


Le9** 


IT 


Yr» 


1121 


4T 


>£ 


1621 


VT 


T 


215 


^rnr?"? 


nrn,7! 


2313 


"ISDJ) 


nibpri 


25*> 


fc " 


*V " 


Null* 


w? 


^Tii? 


1036 


vna^ 


nrrayi 


1132 


vMpn 

T T - 


tj&n 


12» 

1436 


TO 


«V5»5 


16ii 


ir^n 


i^n 


2132 




chi^ 


26» 


"^T^ 


"Wi? 


327 


jwsip 


pMi^b 


34* 


vm 

T ! 


TT S 


De2 33 


v;a 


^ 


510 


"•n^p? 


irnsp 


79 


vn^i? 


injsr? 


82 


vrfisp 


inn?!? 



44 



Qerl, 



Kethibh. 



De 217 


1D5ttJ 


np&tf. 


22"(!>m),16 ) 21,24# > 27 ) 29 m^SH 


"VS3 


22*° 


rr^h 


■>w5 


22 23 > 88 


rn3£ 


">» 


22* 1 


rn^ib") 


">2§?} 


2710 


vrrtsp 


\ng?» 


28«7 


D^msiii 


D^p^l 


28 30 


T V T T • 


swap* 

T V T T • 


29» 


D^a^j 


D^iyi 


332 


T *• 


rfttfi* 


33» 


"PEL 

TT 


V 


Josh 2« 


"•tfrtfl* 


vvinfc 


3* 


T •• 


ttai 


316 


D 7^ 


D 7,^ 


418 


n^»3 


rrt 1 ?^ 


5i 


«W 


"W 


6* 


035^^5 


D3???t& 


67 


- 


rbw*) 


6» 




W 


618 


T?^i 


615 


rfb%3 


rfi^a 


721 


V "T 


v : vt 


8", 


wa • 


^ 


812 


# 


">v? 


8i« 


^ 


Tjn 


97 


-««*) 


to?h*j 


1116 


ln^p^ . 


T T M T 


1220 


p-ij ' 


pN-»D 


15* 


}V) 


nrr) 


15« 




h>mr\ 


1568 


Dtt*) 


•t: 


16» 


witofln 


'in^h 



45 



ten. 



Kethlbh. 



Josh 18 12 » 14 » 19 


vrn 


18i» 


nwn 


1824 


T "" T 


I922 


nD^arj^) 


I929 


vrr\ 


20« 


fa 


21io 


n±frn 


2127 


fa 


227 


^53£ 


24» 


"»TO 


24» 


• T T 


2415 


">OT 


Jn 127 


'Vfr 


411 


0^33^ 


65 


XN31 


713 


V?$ 


721 


1CW 


98 


npfe 


9 12 f' 


*fe 


1137 


TW 


123 


jy*w 


1618 


1621 


• ~S T 


1625 


31ta5 


1625 


d'hi'd^i 


162« 


^j^prji 


172 


$&) 


193 


FIT'tf'Qb 


1921 


bor\ 


1925 


rt^a 


2013 


N$ 


2120 


*«ri 



nWaNi 

t • t r 

Wp 

*•$'" 

dtps* 

om. 
1271 



46 





Qeri. 


Kethtbh. 


21» 


y*b 


3V* 


28 


*»" 


*,* 


2» 


"•"TPO 


Yrprj 


2io 
2io 






2i« 


& 


* T 


32 


*fTO 


1*8) 


318 


rrA 


tt'si 


41s 


-p 


T 


5« 
5» 




O^BsT 


6* 


•nfitp 


*m 


6 B 
79 






8* 


t t : • 


"is^na 


91 


p:£9 


P« &9 


986 


roan 


^0 


1021 


T • • • 5 


tanstfpV 


11« 


lyptf? 


ttptfi 


11» 


on'? 


Dhi 


12io 


VHpM^ 


-|DN*1 


13 8 


V "* 


V T • — 


13" 


™?S 


"ION 

~ T 


14» 


T • T "* 


TV i • "• 


14*2 


W3C1 


toyi 


14'* 


T T "* 


T T 


15i« 


v - 


iipw'n 


I77 


vn 


V7? 


I723 


rfarppSQ 


rrnw* 


18i 




*0«l 


18« 


w 


•wtf? 



47 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


ISalS? 


T^Vtja 


is^MSi 


18» 


v& 


I* " 


18" 




irp 


18** 


*7W 


^ 


18» 


np^i 


*JC*«*} 


19iMV« 


nY^ 


nnja 


19W 


T 


•T 


19*> 


rti^ 


"W 


201 


nV>|p 


rpiap 


20* 
20»* 


V 


rriwn 1 ? 


20 88 


Disrn 


^n? 


21i» 


T T -J" 


te^sa 


2112 


t^^ 


YW* 


22 M 


V7N 


** 


22" 


•St i 


^» 


2218 


3*rtT? 


«vf? 


2218 


agYT 


**» 


22» 


a«^ 


#* 


23* 


tt-:- 


VtfJN) 


248 


rn^L"? 


rrupjnp 


2418 


nr»*i 


W) 


25 s 


V?? 


*ft 


2518 


^3^*? 


^*a«4 


2518 


rft«toji 


n^' 


25»* 


T "* 


T "" 


26«w 


T ' S 


inyip 


26"i.i« 


v^Wipp 


•in^np 


26» 


rwrj 


mirjn 


27* 


ne:' 


^^ 


278 


"Htaro 


T^T) 


29* 


*nfoi& 


^ 



I Sa 29* 
30« 
30»* 

HSaP 
1" 
2«8 

3» 
3» 
318 

3" 
3»s 

5» 
5» 
5» 
52* 

8» 

10» 

12» 

1220 
1222 
1224 

12»i 

13«> 
1388 

13»* 
13» 

14" 

14 22 

1430 

15 8 

1520 



Qevi. 

mi 

^?<& 
V» 

T 

om. 

TIPTOE 
D"to 

nvnsrn 



Kethibh. 



Won 
to 1 ? 

TO«a 
-win 

W® 

T • 

DM 

onto 



49 



Qeri. 



Kethibh. 



II Sa 1531 


OW. 


DM 




15*> 
16* 


orrcm 

V v - J 


nToga 




16« 


vri^rj 


•imrin 




161° 


nl ' 


*9 




16W> 


"S 


"91 


« 


16« 

16W 


T2* 






16» 


tf« 


0771. 




1712 
18 s 








188 
18« 


ntf'ai 






18i» 
18" 


T T . 


t: t : 




1818 




Wti 




18* 

197 


1 


om. 




19i« 


1"TO 


tt^ 




193S 


PT57 


rr?i 




19" 


rpayrr 


Tvgga 




2a' 

208 
20" 








2023 


Vn?n 


■nan 




20*" 
21* 




1?" 




21» 


W 


YW 




21» 
21» 
21" 


T ! 


T 






• or '^52, see Driver, Samuel in loc. 




Has Notes. 






D 



50 





Qeri. 


Kethlbh. 


n Sa 21" 


• . • I T T 


a*t$fyin Dtf 


21« 


w$r\ 


^i* 


21*> 


r>™ 


EP 


21» 


«vp^ 


"•^PttJ 


228 


^ii^i 


tf^l 


22" 


OTTO 


os^i 


22 s8 


ftosttftp 


toejpp 


22 s8 


*¥&' 


^7? 


22»* 


■fe 


Yl fe 


22" 


b'nyQ 


^tt) 


23» 


W7 


^S^n 


23» 


T V 


T V 


23» 


T?rj»i 


^Wl 


23» 


vm 


*!*» 


23» 

i 


o-niar? 


tyn&a 


■ 23" 


"•TKJMl 


*W1 


2313 


ntT7tp 

T T 


EWp^ 


231W 


-fcp 


"»WB9 


2318 


rretaprr 


^7^7 


23 20 


S? ' " 


"TJ 


23 20 


• "J T 


THtf? 


23 20 


-tin 


^Wi 


23 2 i 


Uft* 


■wtfa 

V —J 


2335 


-T v 


^"W 


24i* 


•ra^n 


•toi-p 


24i« 


rcinMn 


nr^wrr 


1 2418 


naps 


rWt 


2422 


t»TO 


^i* 


; i Ki 127 


TTT03? 


T7^ 


| 137 


rn^rj 


"TT 


147 


ov6n 


*V?8 


* or iatin 


f Perhaps Tigi* 


or rP3^, C p. v. 16. 



51 



Qeri. 



Kethtbh. 



IKi47 

517 






6* • 


TT, 


s*h 


66,10 


jrcrn 


3^s{n 


621 

688 

730 

738 

786 * 

745 


nrntprr 

T T T - 
X " T 


rmip 
$nfori' 

X 


826 
848 




' v x : 

CI 


9» 


Ytrjflqto 


inrnt^i 


918 


-ifcnri 


-ton' 

X X 


10 5 

123 


x~ 


X*" 


127 


nyiri 


"&T3 


1212 


NnV 


**!* 


1221 
1283 


«i»l 
^fe 




142 


Jjw 


vis 


1425 


j?Ehttf 


pttftttJ 


1515 

1518 


1 v .. - 


' V V 


1626 
1634 






1714 

1715 


TV) 


Kin 


1715 


«nn) 


nvo 


1842 


x : • 


tii 


19* 


X V 


X V 



* or iTj|^ 



52 





Qerh 


X>/fc»&&. 


I Ki 20*i 


ll ?2?? 


^ 


218 


D^npp 


ffnopri 


21 21 


h^d" 


"w" 


2ia> 


ton** 

• T 


T 


221* 


TO? 


TW7 


22*> 


nto? 


"to? 


22*» 


np# 


rns# 


II Ki 216 


T " ™ 


rrtwgrj* 


324 


13*1 


to*/' 


4* 


tf 


^ 


43 


T£# 


"TOtf 


4 5 


njwto 


n$«?t 


47 


Ttf? 


, 3?.^? 


47 


TO* 


■ora 

• :- r 


416,23 


AS 


VIM ' 


423 


rotor 

V V 


vsto* 


434 


T *• 


tea 


5» 


VOID* 


iDID^L 


512 


roan 

t t -: 


TT -1 


518 


om. 


T 


525 


r«p 


m 


6io 


•iTmrn 


rfvmrn 


625 


o^V 


a^" 1 "nrj 


712 


mtea, 

V T - 


rrjtensi 


7 13 


P^OU 


P»0 


715 


DJ57* 


ojpnr^ 


8i 


n« 


VlN 


gio 


ft' 


*¥ 


817 


OTtf 


^ 


915 


•rarjfr 


T$> 


925 


• T 


nfajtotJ 

T 




* or n'win. 


t or npro. 1 



o3 





Qerl. 


Kethibh. 


IIKi9«> 


rmiQti 


iroioptf 


9«7 


t : t J . 


rem 

t t : * 


10*7 




t —j — : 


IP 


nngn 

T ~! T 


"WTl 


IP 


• T - 


DYYto?0* 


H*,o,io,u 


rfiNBrr 


ntwan 


1118 


vrrtnatp 


tonap 


H20 


An" 

' V v - 


' V V 


12io 


rpjp 


rss 


1212 


nf 


T 


1212 


°r»i^D 


D"»T^gn 


13« 


• *; v 




14« 


nw 


ma> 


147 


nfe 


r6&b 


1412 


v^rrfc 1 ? 


^^ 


1413 


»b>l 


IMh*") 


15 26 


' V V • 


*9" 


16« 


DTOVTQ1 


tfipYHJl 


16" 




liTC^l 


16" 


V 


™T 


1618 


*npio 


^P" 1 *? 


1713 


"V?? 


"iw^ 


17i« 


1*0 


o?a#' 


1721 


rrr»i[ 


N^ni 


1724 


D^ppOl 


D^ap* 


17$i 


v: 


^ ' 


17»i 


o?v?ap 


D^Dpt 

• T T • 


18*7 


T T 


ormn 

v • — : 


1ST 


v •• ; <■ •• •• v •• •• 


1933 


ill 


ainaj 


19 23 


%p 


r&i? 



* Perhaps for o*nrrtoiprr, or read wpopn 
t or ajs, 



t Keth. perhaps Dnwpn to 



54 





QerL 


Kethibk. 


Kil93i 


rrtNis 


om. 


I937 


Via T ' 

T T 


om. 


204 


-ran 

•• T 


•^yn 


2013 


"in-ia; 


nhi 


2018 
2112 




TO* 


22 5 


*WTi 


r»^l 


225 


n% 


naa 


23io 
23 33 


i^r? 


•n^a 


23*« 
24io 


rrra.) 


rrvit 


2414 
2415 
2418 






2512 


D'OJY'S 


• t : 


2517 
Is 31 5 


V T - 


rra« 

V T • 


316 


i-rt^a 


mro: 


529 

92 

10« 






1013 


• anvYi-nn^n 


onvY-nnjr! 


1013 


■vk? 


■vk«? 


1032 


ra 


n% 


125 


njmo 


njrro 


13i« 


rcaatfn 


T t - T • 


163 


• • T 


wan 


163 


toX. 


^3? T 


2312 


DV1$ 


D^flJ 


2313 


two 

T ~ 


T * "* 


251° 


nsa 


^a 



55 





Qer'%. 


Reihibh 


Is 28" 


vM 


tt?# 


28" 


1b%l 


~ T 


29" 




v •• - 


30« 


D ^»:^ 


WT& 


30 32 


T 




30 33 


«TI 


«in 


327 


O^X. 


o^g 


32" 


hcnam 

v : - ~ : 




3613 


T T 


o^-jn 


3618 


ornSf} tot 


i on^ 


3 7 80 


I^N) 


^DMT 


4123 


™m 


"33) 


42 20 


n*i*n 


rmr\ 

T • T * 


42% 


rtovfyh 


T . • 


44 s * 


'•W©' 


'•W ^P 


452 


*«£!** 


-IttfiN 


46H 


S TO 




4713 


•nil 


«W 


49 5 


A" 


*h 


49« 


Tvsyi 


t??> 


4913 


in$ai 


vyp 


52 2 


^sr»n 


ininsjpn 


525 


vb'qtei 


iVtfo' 


54i« 


TO 


P3 


5518 


nnni 


nrw 


56W 


"PD^ 


1SD5J 


57i» 


^ 


aia T 


6021 


nytgB 


•unaa 


62» 
63» 


r 




65* 


jW 


W 


657 


W 


•?* 



56 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


Is 66^7 


nnw 


T V 


Je 215 


nnsj 


nn-^3 


2i« 


DnjennT 


039^1 


220 


^W 


■*w' 


22* 


PTlft)V 


^53 


225 
227 
233 


Old? 


vrra 1 ? 


32 


nizv 


$$$ 


37 


... .. - 


v : • - 


319 


^^fl 


*rjj#i 


319 


• T 


T 


46 
419 






419 


Jp£»a? 


v»V?tf 


430 
57 


w T 




58 


DOT 

•T 


•T 


524 


rrfi'' 


nT| 


67 


T5 


-ill 


621 


mm 

t t : 


rnw» 


625 
625 




"•5% 


629 


OJ? tf«p 


onf«p 


722 


•w'tfin 


N^ri 


8i 


wsv 


iNTtfn 


8« 


onsnga 

T T T * 


an^ib 


87 


D^pl 


0*U\ 


97 


T 


tonitf 


1013 
1017 


TWO 




13i« 


rwft 


rrotf 1 



57 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 




Jel3*> 


ntip 


"Wp 


• 


I320 


wp 


^vrf\ 




14* 


orrn'w 


amhy$ 




14^ 


**» ■ 


VZ V 




14i* 


rcpini 


rmyy\ 




15* 


"35^ 


nyjt 1 ? 




158 




-iniiVN 




15» 


HI 


n«a 




15 11 


wyyti 


^"1$ 




1516 


WW 


* T - J 




1616 


1 

•T — I 




178 


P1N"P 

v : • 


MM 




1710 


WY13 


^113 




1711 


TO' 1 

T T 


W 




1713 


•n*>) 


TJI^I 




1719 


oyn' 


D^ ' 




1723 


StoljJ 


^ttJ 




1724 


Sa. 


rn 




183 


«in narn 


insrn 




18i° 


*H0 


nsnrr 




I81 5 


^r5# 


••7110 




18 16 


rrtpntf 


n,?n# 




1 8 22 


nrnaj" 

T 


nrptt? 




1823 


1^ 


WJ 




192 


f^TDTJ 


niDnrjn 




19" 


W99 


"•a©* ' 




21° 


™T! 


n^rr 


• 


2112 


oy^n 


orr^Vyp 




22 * 


■vnajn 


% 




226 


T 


ratthi 




2223 


ilOtt^ 


^V* 




2223 


W33? 


vii^* 





* or 'n^pip. 



58 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


Je 2318 


vm 


"H?? 


24» 


™y? 


tt! • 


257 


^p^5rr 


^iDyjn 


2513 


••n^irn 


vviNnm 


26i» 


T 


rP3^) 

TT 


281 


T T - 


nau?i 


291* 


D5tf>Q# 


D3^n0 


2918 


™$? 


runt 1 ? 

tt! • 


29 33 


YTMi 


ymin* 


3120 


: T t t 


• T T T 


3137 


• T 


om. 


3138 


V. 


nrj^ 


3139 


rftoy&n 


nfoyjqjn 


321 


T T — 


ratfa' 


32 4 


ITS 


^ 


32 23 


Tionin^ 


Tirvnttyj 


32» 5 


*ot?on 


"•rpirrrr 


33 26 


mfr* 


nwta 


3417 


rr&h 


^ft 


37* 


M7?n 


M"7$n 


3719 


WJ 


vyj" 


38 2 


mm 

T T t 


mm 


38H 


rrtinp 


rfiintprr 


38i« 


om. 


nfc T 


39i« 


N"95 


"W 


40 s 


T T ~ 


"111 

T T 


408 


TO 


to 


40i« 


ntojrri 


to?i? 


4117 


om?? 


arfto? 


42« 


^i** 


i:g 


4220 


on^brr 


d^WW 


43i° 


vrngtf 


Vtf-istf 




• perhaps n ^rf. 


1 or owrn. 



59 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 




Je 43U 


W^ 


HN11 




46" 


ri^rr 


"•n^n 




48* 


rpTW 
fwnVn 


rrnty? 




48 5 


nin^n 




487 


tfto3 


^•95 




487 


VTIT 


"^T 




4818 


iflfa 


in^-i 




4830 


Mo 


% 




4820 


vw 


W 1 




4821 


nys^? 


rosin 




4827 


t : 


T T T ' 




48* 


D3n 


D"*?n 




4926 


nWrjp 


nVnfl 




4930 


Qyh% 


°yhk 




493« 


d^V 


zfyy ' 




49»» 


* a^« 


2WJN 




49»» 


n*o# 


rPitf 




50« 


vn 


n r0 




50« 


oi^W 


D^ntoJ 




50» 


ins 


in?£ 




50U 


intfpn 


Tnpipfl 




50U 


i^b 


V?yn 




50H 


wfaon 


••efton 




50n 


iSn?n"i 


%t»l 




50" 


T » V T T 


n^mtfis* 




502» 


T 


o«. 




50** 


D?T>N. 


DS^$ 


• 


51» 


om. 


tvp. ' 




5113 


*35tf 


vijbfett 




513* 


s A?tf 


t t -: 




513* 


^oon 


isoprj 




51** 


••ysn 


ira^n 








T * ' 





' or 7^^. 



t or *JFipJ. 



60 





Qerl. 


Kethibh. 


Je 51«* 


"w& 


iafo 


51»* 


^yrnri 


'crrnrj 


52 1 


Sianorj 




52" 


^5 


^35 


5221 


r»v 


rrcrtp 

T ' 


52 31 


wn?n 


n*»|?3pi 


52** 


• T T - 


D^ 


Ez l 8 


T! 


*tt 


315 


atfin 


■^m 


3» 


•pnl,Tj? 


^n» 


4fi 


• T 8 *" 


^^P?!? 


416 


T9? 


two? 


6» 


T •• - i 


r^fe 


7* 


3»1» 


ng&18* 


791 


im^Vrn 


n^y»n 


8« 


on rra 


DHD 


9* 


vS« 


«l 


9* 


■*" 


w 


9« 


Djr« 


DpTX 


9" 


V -s T 


"«&*§ 


12" 


^ 


^?V 


1# 


Ml 

T 


T 


16*> 


Tpnn3|fln 


^nisjftp 


16* 


TC^i© 


Tfo^ji? 


16" 


TO^ 


•nrtfroj 


16 M 


rvattf ' 


na# ' 


. 16<* 


rFotift 


napi 


16 w 


••nito^i 


rvtoy\ 


17si 


T ▼ . * 


imyp 


18" 


™"?!5 


«-)*!* 


18» 


smhrr 

T T T 


T ▼ 



' or wrn. 



61 





Qert. 


Kethlbh. 


1821 


vnMtan 


toHton 


1823 
1824 






2218 


xph 


23i* 


o*iip§ 


Dt^a 


23i« 
23« 


nnayrn 




23« 

24 s 




v : • *• • 


257 


*V 


25° 
273 


rotten 




276 


a-i*n| 


D^3 


2715 
29* 




D^nirn 


297 
3016 


^nri 




315 


T 


T 


3232 


wm 


invin 


3313 
3316 


T " 


T ~ 


3425 


D^a 


ot-j^a 


35 9 
3512 






3613 


: t 


V1H 

• T 


3613 


T!!ia 


■n?a 


36i* 
36i* 






3615 


■^i^V 


W 


3716,19 


^OT 


^d 


3723 


1V»? 


V ! • 



* or njiwjTi 



for ^n 



60 





Qerl. 


Je 51« 


S #& 


51** 

521 




52" 


^5 


5221 


W? 


52« 


whyn 


52*2 


* T • *" 


Ez 1« 


T! 


315 


3®g% 


320 


vrrtpTS 

t ' : • 


4fi 


^n 


4" 


"T9? 


6» 


t •• - ; 


7s 


yai« 


721 


ini^rn 


8« 


on rra 


9* 


V*7N 


95 


«*" 


9« 


D53^ 


911 


■rak* ^53 


12" 


i-ip> 


14* 


T 


16*> 


ipni^np 


16» 


•sprwJG 


16" 


Tpnirftfi 


1668 


rvottf 


. 16<» 


rvQtjji 


16 ro 


^to^H 


1721 


"WT^i? 


18i* 


™n*5 


l&so 


smhri 




T T T 



Kethibh. 

orro 
^5 

PD 

imip 

yah 



or Kp. 



61 





Qeri. 


Ez 18" 


■proton 

T ■■ 


18*> 


17TIP 


18** 


vrp-js 


2218 


yph 


23i* 


D-1-^3 


23 16 


ro}y™ 


23« 


D^lD 


23« 


i3r r?W 


24* 




257 


25» 


^ODt?! 


27» 




27« 


D-1^3 


27u 


D^WI 


• 29* 


n'tin 


297 


fl33 


30" 


t™ 


315 


T 


3232 


vvm 


33i» 


vnipi? 


33 18 


T "■ 


34^5 


o-n^a 


35» 


report 


3513 


IDDtf ' 


3613 


i T 


3613 


T!ia 


36" 
36i* 




36" 


T^n 


37ie,i» 


Yniirj 


37 ss 


ivp 



Kethlbh. 

inrnn 



'or nj?gyi 



tor 'fa}? 



62 



Bz 39 s18 

40« 
40» 

4CF 
40 21 

4021,22 (!>«) 

40 23 
40 22 
40 2 * 
40** 

40 26 
40 s * 
40*« 
403« 

40«» 
40 29 

<1029 



40»i 
40»» 
4031 
40» 
4033 

4033.3* 
4033 

403* 
403* 



40»« 
40 s6 



Qeri. 

vaSW) 
vaWi 



Eethibh. 

YlDVT) 
L T ' 
IT'S 

to 1 ?**"! 






63 



Qeri. 



Kethibh. 



Bz 40»7 


1^»1 


^•81 


4Q87 


^W 


^«' 


40»7 


V^JTD 


^2P 


41» 


mip« 


mi^ 


4116 


NOTTWi 


Nrpgviiffi 


42» 


rtatf^n finron rtoti 4 ? nnrwi 


42» 


WOan 


«inart 


42i* 


«45i 


na^^ 


42i« 


rt«D 


rti»N 


4311 


T 


. ^« 


4311 


vn'-rtfi 


irnifi 


431 5 


^M^^nQi 


^N-jNnoi 


43i« 


• -: t : 


^«S«rn 


4326 


rf3» 


1-153"! T 


43** 


T T 


\v 


446 


Wllfl 


irrrtn 


44*4 


astf? 1 ? 


»&£*? 


• 4424 


irnpgt^ 


imp'oift 


458 


t • -: 


ttton 


45 5 


tt : 


rrrn 

v : • 


46* 


**£ 


w?5 


4615 


ito£ 


ito^j 


46i» 


0W§7& 


t t :-T 


4710 


VUJJ?' 


mpE 


4711 


T 


in«sa 


4718 


pprn 


ITTj' 


48i* 


"»*SK 


■vta£ 


4815 


wi* 


pomtji 


4gi6 


or». 


ctorj 


4818 




T T * 


48^1 


wr$ 


nrrtns> 



64 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


Ho 6i° 


nffns# 


rryngti 


813 


•w 


ton 


916 


ft :■ 


"k 


10i° 


orfttot 


T '• 


Joel 4 1 


• T 


T 


Am 8* 


*3S 


T)?3? 


8 8 


ny$fr\ 


n I?^7\ 


9« 


wnsjp 


^nSjro 


Ob" 


•i^' 


VisaJ 


Mi l 8 


^ 


y^$ 


110 


^Biyn 


• : t - : • 


3* 


V) 


nyn 


. Na 3 s 


^71 


'W71 


Hab 3* 


*i^ 


TO 


3 H 


W5 

T T t 


ing 


Zeph.2? 


Dm* 


om* 


Hagl 8 


t : t ••• : 


•• t v : 


Zecb 1" 


W 


mpn* 


2» 


"» s ?*? 


<&' 


4 2 


"»fcn 




11» 


■vsan 


•ve&n 


14? 


n:i?^n 


T . - T * 


14« 


P*m 


P«?^.t 


Ps 5 9 


n^n 


-i#n 


6* 


nn«"\ 


r»«i 


918 


• T -S 


vvk 


9" 


0*33J 


°TW 


10* 


T T I 


te-jn 


10i° 


n IT- 


nrn 

T T S» 


low 


• T ** 


0^370 


10i« 


Q'nas; 


D*?k 



* or rnj7j 



t or ]WBj£ 



65 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


Pslli 


*T>Q 


XVH 


1711 


TOnat? 


"■goat? 


1714 


TfTlDyi 


Trr?^ 


24* 


*i&' 


W93 


24« 


^'tfnh 

t : 


W-n 


27 5 


^1 


roi?a 


30* 


TRO 


Trt**? 


39i 


jirvrfV 


prtT^ 


413 


-»gt$i 


"»«£ 


49" 




trrafi 

t • : 


51* 


a^n 


i"&"?n 


647 


a^j* 


nwj; 


55™ 


V T • " 


rrtENpj 


567 


late?? 


WBJC 


58» 


T • 


ten 


59ii 


•npn 


npn 


59™ 


pirc? 


|W3} 


607 


>33S5' 


van' 


667 


T 


10^ 


7112 


rrcnn 

T 


nc^n 


7120 


•qp^n 


T • 5 • 


7120 


"•lOT? 


WHJiji 


7120 


^fes 


n:^ri 


7217 


P*! 


n: 


732 


TOO 


*HM 


732 


^Vip 


n ??t? 


7310 


T 


a^ 

• T 


73™ 


«in 


nvt 


74* 


nrisn 


njri* 


74ii 


3i?V 


3i?in 


ICas. Notes 


«or$yi 


F 



66 



PS77 1 

7712 
7910 
852 



90 8 
92 16 
100 3 
102 w 

105i R 

10528 

105 40 

106« 

1087 

1197» 

123* 

126* 

1293 

139 6 

139 16 

1401° 

140 11 

140i» 

1456 

147 19 

148 2 

p r 127 

27 

28 

3 15 
327 



Qeri. 

rvatf 
Drw 
nritf 

TTJ) 

"TO 
TTl 

^" 

WE 

nisntf? 
vrpn 



Kethlbh. 

rt© T 

<% 

"ins 

iipn 

^35£ 

WXI* 

rn^5 
vnprj 



or Vft. 



•f or ffstooj 1 . 



67 





Qeri. 


Kethibh. 


Ft 3* 


toV 


^D 1 ? 


330 


ynri 


ivv> 


334 


°^jfrl 


D^jfe 


4ifl 


wftw 


^Ji' 


613 


w?i 


w& 


613 


v^n* 


^rk 


6" 


•t : • 


D^Tlj 


616 


ro^n 


rrtngin 


8 1 ? 


•gqfc 


rob** 


IF 


*• T J 


D^i 


12W 


1"H£ 


nio^ 


I320 


"^H 


^Vrt 


I.320 


D3fT 


oprn 


I421 


0*532 


D"?58 


15" 


•»Q!| T 


w 


1619 


• T ~S 


Di^ 


1627 


VlDtp 


•pnoip 


1713 


cfton 


ttftprt 


1727 


■V- 1 : ' 


^>T 


18" 


Nil 

T 


**: 


18™ 


Diynw 


D^ipi 


197 


^' T ' ' 


rf? " 


19™ 


w 


nov 


19i» 


v 


Vi 


20 4 


- t : 


s«^ 


20™ 




0^53 


20 21 


*<•£«? 


20 30 


pvvpri' 


p^ipE 


21»»i» 


't! • 


tyjfiD 


2129 


to 


p: 


2129 


13^ 


v ??? 


22* 


"W? 





68 



Pr 22*° 

2226 

23 5 

235 

23** 

2324 

23^ 

232* 

232« 

2329 

2331 

2524 

262 

2621 

2624 

2715 

2720 

2724 

30io 

3018 

314 

3116 

3118 

3127 

Job li° 
27 
518 



7i 
75 
91s 



Qerl. 

TO " 

Di32L 
D'O'HD 

& ' 

vnotpa 
-li-n' 

-ft' 



Kethlbh. 
Ditt£>tt? 

i£ * 

n^Vip 
inotpa 

-Vrc 

to' 
% 



• perhaps »pj or r?:- 



69 



Qeri. 



Kethibh, 



Job 9*' 


*9? 


inn 


10 20 


*TJt& 


t : v 


1Q20 
1315 




rvvn 


14 5 


Y"RR 


ipn 


15" 


vvftpa 

t ' : • 


iuhj^i 


1522 

1616 




nor)' 
mo-ran 

t : : - t: 


1 9 29 

2H3 






2120 


T •• 


wi 


24i 


TFl 


: t s 


24* 


^ 


^3? 


24« 


Wttj?: 


i-iVi? 1 . 


2612 


t : • 


ircninyi 


261* 


TOTT 

t t : 


i3-)i 


261* 


T 


irnina 

T S 


30H 


Tip*! 


inrv. 


3013 


• t - : 


• T - t 


30 22 


T • \ 


njqJj? 


31H 


NVT 


N^n 


31H 

3120 


WTTJ 

t t -: 


T . 


33™ 


ai-i-l 


^"n 


332i 


Wtfl 


"•Dt^l 


3328 


Wgj 


1UJ93 


3328 

3712 


injrrj 
•prfaanra 

t : - : 




38i 


P 


2p T 


3813 


"V&Q 93TT. 


•• — T . *"T 


38*i 


t t : 


«fc 



* or to'fj. 



72 



Qeri. 



k 2« 


T! 


3» 


0Tty7) : 


310 


M^BilD"! 


31* 


"•2J1#N 


326 


n«^n") 


320 


n«?3? 


32s 


I^tf 


381 


rh 


333 


™&v 


4* 


'W&2 


414,21,22^9 


nt&v. 


431 


nN?yS 


432 


*& 


432 


"nTp. 


5 5 


*m 


57 


•• t : - 


57-i« 


to^rn 


518 (W») 


h>\5F) 


518 


n«^ 


5" 


m 


5 3 i 


T T * 


539 


Nrrcjprn 


530 


n^nip? 


6i 


ntrro 

T T T 


6 26 


PH 


6» 


re 


6*» 


HMD")? 


77 


niacin 

tt • : 


78 


mpyn« 

t|t-: : v 


710 


710 


Pfin 



■•7 

npcj T ' 
S3V1' 

T T T 

nm 

&$% 



or Jto 



73 



Da 720 
723 
725 

924 
llio 
llio 
llio 

1112 
H18 
H39 

Ezr 2" 

250 

3* 
3 3 
42 
4* 

47 
.49 
49 
412 

51 2 

617 

725 
726 

813 
814 
817 
817 

10 2 

1Q29 



Qeri. 

DnnS 



Kethibh. 

TT ^ 

i^V " ' 
Traps 

DTP 

Wn ' 

tt : 



t t - : t x - : 









74 





Qeri. 


Kethtbh. 


Ezi' 108B 


im 1 ?? 


vm 1 ?? 


1037 


*wi 


MBJffi 


10« 


^ 


VP 


10** 


wtpa 


^3 


Ne 1» 


D'TviN'arj! 


D^ntforji 


320 


■® 


"*! 


380 ( 31 


"HO* 


T3W 


7« 


'rrjVi^' 


nrtfn^ 


7«a 


DT^E)} 


D>D^DJ 


9« 


T - 


AN ' 

T •" 


10*> 


T " 


•0,13 

T 


1117 


priVT! 


pn^l 


12» 

12M 




••31707 


12i« 


tmy 1 ? 


any. 1 ? 


12« 


•• T 


Waft 


IChr 1*» 


nn? 


rvw_ 


161 


rn^y 


n^y 


2«6 


^ 


^ 


32* 


vrrfin 


vrvnin 

T 


41 


nrtrj 


"TO 


420 


p^rn 


p^i 


441 


o^wej 


cr^n 


6" 


"•£ 


^ 


620 


*|12 


f? 


7 1 


T 


3^ 

• T 


710 


tt>W 


arty. 


731 


^TP 


rrtrp 


784 


rai^i 


rmnr 


826 


^Mi'351 


^M^gn 


9* 


• T 


W» 



75 





Qerl. 


Jietf/fcfc. 


I Chr 9** 
935 

11" 

1120 
11** 

123 




*W1 


125 


"VTpi? 


"•onrin 


1215 
12^8 


• • T "* 




141 


D-vin 

T 


T * 


20 5 


•Yy 


Ti3^ 


227 
23» 






2424 
2625 

2712 


■VDttf 




272» 


' 1 &yti 


"ntptif 


29™ 


wn 


nyt 


II Chr 4ii 


tnin 


T * 


929 


^H 


*WJ 


His 


ra 


»■ 


13 19 

17» 






18« 


It 


T 


2427 

26ii 


3 T. 


^1 


2621 
298 
2918 
291* 


rpippnn 


nitipnn 


3221 


"'M'WDI 


uww 



76 
Qerl. Kethlbh. 

n ohr 34« Drrniirqi orvrri -ra 

35* «wi 12'ism' 

• t : • : 

'3 or 1Y15 NT) 'p or np, read but not written. Ju 20 ls II Sa 8 3 
1623 1820 n Ki 1931,37' j e 3137 5029 Ru 35,17. 

^, re*sh. The twentieth letter of the Hebrew alphabet j as numeral, 
-1 = 200. 

Httftin 1, resh dagheshed, i.e. written with daghesh. I Sa l 6 10 24 

17 25 Je 39 12 Hab 3 13 Ps 52 5 . 
**y#l H resh (wri^en) smaU. II Sa 21 19 . 
^ilSl^ S, resh (written) large. Ex 34 u . 
p^SE *^nW PHD"!, smooth, (z.e. without daghesh) after mappiq. 

Ps 68I 8 
7^772^ nD"1, smooth, (z.e. without daghesh), and with the accent 

on the penultimate. Job 7 20 . 

tD 

ttJ shin . The twenty-first letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as numeral, 

© = 300. 
N-VJtt 'IT) 'tf, shin and tav (written) small. Esth 9 9 
YCn OJ, shin (written) large. Ca l 1 . 
nD"1 to, sin smooth, i.e. written without daghesh. Le 13 10 14 66 . 

T T 

rori^S, W0, sheva with (the accent) athnach. Ps 45 6 119 65 . 

n 

Jl, tav. The twenty-second letter of the Hebrew alphabet ; as nu- 
meral, ,11 = 400. 
NTJft Vl, tav (written) small. Esth 9?. 9 

TGH Vl, tav (written) large. Esth 9 29 . 
. T - » ^ 

ilBI 'jl tav smooth, i.e. written without daghesh. Is 34 n . 
0*050 ftp^, correction of the scribes. Job 32*. See Introd. p; 9. 

rV* 1 ? r^> two w ° rds * I)e 332# 



77 

/ 

CLAUSULAE. 

See Introd-. p. 11. 

GENESIS. 
PTtT 

ontfrtfi ni»Q etorr] ify* rrofrnst 1007 ^oe map 

"DJi £"» rnp :]^p ohvh ^fttl ♦l"^ vrrt««hw 
p?3P :)^p w*s? ?[!? «an '* #'3 v,r$ ••p? ,, P nvr Tna 
njlbtp rrtannpsTt D^B^MI ntpbtp rfirnngn 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Genesis is a thousand and \ L 
five hundred and thirty and four. The sign is l"h Y'& (l^lOOO, ™ \ 
*J =r 500, v = 30, 1 = 4) . And its middle point is, And by thy sword 
shalt thou live (27 40 ) . And its parashahs are twelve C 1 = 10, 2 = 2); 
the sign is, TIJIS js my name for ever (t = 7^ J7 =. 5. Ex 3 15 ) . And 
its sections are forty-three ; the sign is, YEA he shall be blessed 
(3 = 3, ft =40. Ge 27 33 ). Ard its chapters are fifty; the sign is^ 
O Lord be gracious unto us we have waited FOR THEE (v=30, 
3=20. Is 33 2 ). The number of the open parashahs is forty- three^ 
and of the closed forty : eight. The total is ninety-one parashahs ; 
the sign is, GO thou' and all the people that is after thee (2=90, 
M=one. Ex IV). 



I* 



1* 



EXODUS. 



4 1 



PT* 



tD"*W .ny$ry\ oiriMoi tfe niatf rh#) -1557 ^Dg oiat? 



78 

♦n^tptl^ D^tD^ vrrpi :]Q'»p *bixp) *»tf$ rra nr*H 
rrito ♦D ,, 37^^ ^51 :|o ,, pn^rPr5Cn "W? "W^ 

37^«n D^tp} n^a San .D^»tpri^ «JoJ7 ntoinprn 
: P?'? ;HW! fW ^^ *").W "*?<£ tfVfa£j9 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Exodus is a thousand 
and two hundred and nine ; the sign is D *U$ (b$=1000, "1=200, 

e 

10 =9). And its middle point is, Thou shalt not revile God (Ex 
22* 7 ). And its parashahs are eleven ; the sign is, WHAT manner of 
house will ye build nnto Me (N=l, ^=10. Is 66 1 ). And its sections 
are twenty-nine; the sign is, And night unto night SHEWETH 
knowledge. (l=10, 11=8, 1=6, H=5. Psl9 3 ). And its chapters 
are forty; the sign is, The law of his God is IN HIS HEART 
(1=2, 7=30, 1=2, 1=6. Ps 37 31 ). The number of the open 
parashahs is sixty -nine, and of the closed ninety-five ; the total is a 
hundred and sixty and four parashahs ; the sign is, Send thee help 
from the sanctuary and STRENGTHEN THEE out of Zion ( ,, =10, 
D=60, 37=70, 1=4, 3=20. Ps 20*). 

LEVITICUS. 

PI* 

,iy$ry\ o^rri rrtw? rtfratf wtjej -iddi >j?id? 009 
.mft» vrrt»tthw san ttoaa j^rn wn sp^D SltDH 
v-nv-oi ♦D'Hip^l Htpbtp v;npi :fly»p *T$ N£ 
.fi'Hipspl rr^^ltp ^T)pi ippip rfab\ oov> H^rr 
D?&# nimngn p$p ^p 5ryja$! to? n^^l 



79 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Leviticus is eight 
hundred and fifty and nine ; the sign is P)tM (2=50, 10=9, *)=800). 
And its middle point is, And he that toucheth the flesh of him that 
hath the issue (Le 15 7 ). And its parashahs are ten; the sign is, 
Fortune is come (2=2, N=l, 2=3, "T=4 ; Ge 30 11 ). And its 
sections are twenty-three ; the sign is, And in His law DOTH HE 
MEDITATE day and night (^=10, H=5, 3=3, H=5 ; Ps l 2 ). 
And its chapters are twenty- seven ; the sign is, AND I WILL BE 
with thee and will bless thee (l=6, M=l, H=5, ^=10, H=5; 
Ge 26 3 ). The number of the open parashahs is fifty- two, and of the 
closed forty-six. The total is ninety-eight parashahs ; the sign is, 
My beloved is WHITE and ruddy (^=90, 17=8 ; Ca 51°). 

NUMBERS. 

PTO 

.nabift ovfatfl oywm *\b& TaTsg, npp? ^ds? dwp 
\rr)& vim lanroi* ntfQ cJn*n nrr\ i^m :pyp rra*lN 
D^atp v-npn :]^P ^anj; Yj^l '" rntoy rnWign 
Pl$tD y^nffi :pa ,| p dti^j ^"N^ "firro lb ♦D fc, tpT5tp t! l 
rnrnngn p^tp :^P nrtt ^3lp; sojn 1"3 •D^ttpqft 
n^a San ♦tDtp 1 ] D^tStp ntonnpn} D^Stpil 1 ] D^l-ltp 

:fe"p 

BE STRONG! 

The number of the verses of the book of Numbers is a thousand 
and two hundred and eighty and eight ; the sign is PIETM (N= 
1000, "^=200, D=30, 11=8). And its middle point is, And it 
shall come to pass that the man whom I shall choose, his rod shall 
bud (Nu 17 20 ). Audits parashahs are ten; the sign is, The Lord 



80 

ALONE did lead him (1=2, 1=4, 1=4 ; De 32") . And its sections arc 
thirty- two ; the sign is, Create in me a clean HEART, God (7=30, 
1=2 ; Ps. 51 13 ) . And its chapters are thirty-six ; the sign is, O THAT 
they were wise that they understood this (7=30, "1=6; De 32 29 ). 
The number of the open parashahs is ninety-two, and of the closed 
sixty-six. The total is a hundred and fifty and eight parashahs ; the 
sign is, I am THY PORTION and thine inheritance (11=8, ^=30, 
p=100,D=20; Nul8*>). 

DEUTERONOMY. 
PTtT 

hub rr^rri-t .rrfit) ^tD&irr rv$w i»btpa 

V?tt n^prp Qi&nrfi ntop jrafci p"nrj idpi thd* di^p 
vn^tthon j^ Trap iti$ tain , »s J ?2 n'tojri itfrri s^p 
D^ip^ viipi j^p D"»iTta3{S, ai7' ! np« Itp^ *T)7^ 
D^tp^UJ vj7ip* :jd"»p pis *P2C ruio^ n^ H^tth 
rrtmn?n p?jp : y^p i^-Saa >""• rrti« ny^S^n 

ontpfl rr$» mom?*) ny^»T D^tpbtp' 
riFBjrjv njbijh D^am rr$» ^n n^»S 

:^p D^ri}? Tina «p?"i 
njlbtp^l CQ^ ntppCT rnttn b hti p^ip^i p^dp 

pni«n-nN jtinrr^N ]n*3 )t»nrrn« v»^ Pte»i *»**?rn : jp^p 
D^Cl^a rnttin ^3 htf r-rtmng p.sp jp^rrnN-i 
j^p Ynap ^ Ss**j tt^ nil h*bj D^Stprn 
rnpN"^« HSffifayj B^ttJl JVlNO ttfcljJ niDinprrj 



81 

BE STRONG! 

The five fifth-parts of the Law are completed. Praise to the 
great and terrible God. 

The number of the verses of the book of Deuteronomy is nine 
hundred and fifty and five ; the sign is ^271 (n=5, 2=50, ^=900). 
And its middle point is, And thou shalt do according to the tenor of 
the sentence which they shall shew thee. (De 17 10 .) And its para- 
shahs are eleven ; the sign is, Bind the SACRIFICE with cords. 
(n=8, 3 = 3; Ps 118 27 ). And its sections are twenty-seven; the 
sign is, He that uttereth truth SHEWETH FORTH righteousness. 
0* = 10, 3 = 3, "» = 10, 1 = 4 ; Pr 12") . And its chapters are thirty- 
four ; the sign is, I will give thanks unto the Lord with my whole 
HEART (*?=30, 1=2, 1=2; Ps 111 1 ). The number of the open 
parashahs is thirty-four, and of the closed a hundred and twenty and 
four. The total is a hundred and fifty and eight parashahs ; the sign is, 
And MAKE THEM INHERIT the throne of GLOry (l=6, 1=4, 
1=10, 2=50, n=8, i=10, *?=30, Q=40; I Sa2«). 

The number of the verses of the whole Law is five thousand and 
eight hundred and forty and five ; the sign is, And the light of THE 
SUN shall be sevenfold (n=5000, H=800, tt=40, H=5 ; Is 30 26 ). 
And its middle point is, And he placed the breastplate upon him, and 
in the breastplate he put the Urim and the Thummim (Le 8 8 ). The 
number of the open parashahs of the whole Law is two hundred and 
ninety ; the sign is, Let my beloved come into his garden and eat his 
precious FRUITS (B=80, 1=200, 1=10; Ca 4™). And of the 
closed parashahs three hundred and seventy and nine ; the sign is, 
Or bound her soul by a bond WITH AN OATH (l=2, tD=300, 
1=2, y=70, n-=5 ; Nu 30 11 ). The number of all the open and 
closed parashahs is found to be six hundred and sixty and nine ; the 
sign is, THOU SHALT Not LACK anything in it (N = l, il=400, 
H=8, D=60, 1=200; De8*>). 

Mas. Xotks F 



82 

JOSHUA. 
PI* 

POI ,n ^1 D ^05 rtM 9 ^ ^""T ^ oT^D&n o«Dp 
■nipi sns?an n©Ti? fteuprrai ^srrt :jn>p d^m ptf*? 

: p^p '**T1 "hy nn?n ,-ito^ ny*"}» 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of Joshua is six hundred and fifty and. 
six; the sign is, And the tongue of the dumb shall sing (1=6, n=40O, 
"1 = 200, 3 = 50 ; Is 35 6 ) . And its middle point is, And from Heshbon 
unto Ramath-mizpeh (Josh 13 26 ). And its sections are fourteen ; the 
sign is, THE HAND of the Lord was upon me (l= 10, 1=4 ; Ez 37 1 ) . 

JUDGES. 

PICT 

.Hoy rnbqb rtHQ ttftf tynpeW ^pp bti o&ogn D*op 

:^*nip? ^"nM T «^^ T «5n , !i i^rrj :^p D^tth 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Judges is six hundred 
and eighteen ; the sign is, O FEAR THE Lord ye his saints ( ,, =10, 
1=200, N=l, 1=6, »=1, n=400; Ps 34™). And its sections 
are fourteen ; the sign is, GLIDING THROUGH the lips of those 
that are asleep (l=4, 1=6, 2=2, 2=2 ; Ca 7 10 ). And its middle 
point is, And they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel (Ju 10 8 ). 

I, II SAMUEL. 

PTtr 

.ntftfi rtf«n tfpm f\b^t ^Nintf nop bti cpipsn oiap 
: TH" n ^ *^ s * a ?V\ n ' /i? VTW s V^Cl *H?8 t UQV\ 



83 

BE STRONG! 

The number of the verses of the book of Samuel is a thousand 
and five hundred and six; and the sign of it is, RELIEVE the 
oppressed (fc=1000, tf=300, "1=200, 1=6; Is 1*7). And its 
sections are thirty-four ; and the sign of it is, Thou openest THINE 
KANT) 0=10, 1=4, 3=20; Ps 145™). And its middle point is, 
And the woman had a fatted calf. (1 Sa 282*.). 

I, II KINGS. 

P!W) PTtT 

.totwi a^tfi niNtt atom n^M tthri iqdi v©e> d^d 
.a-tc^ft ntfprj Ynntpi .v<rfa§ 'mtf$ "^XO '''ltpfci *VQV\ 
mm* -rtu^ 3'qd tf« noin 'rro«3 FTp-rr'nN "ow WD) 

v : v t : • t •• - •. 7 t v I v •-:- t • : 

: D^^n3n-n« htjrfif\ yhv yaj?^ i^m .rg\rq 



: rrry: m??jj o^m wV* P* *¥?£ l^ 3 P ^^ 

BE STRONG AND WE WILL BE STRONG! 

The number of the verses of the book of Kings is a thousand 
and five hundred and thirty and four ; and the sign of it is BLESSED 
IS THE NATION whose God is the Lord (M=1000, tt>=300, 
^=200, *=10, H=5, 2=3, 1=6, *»=10; Ps 33 12 ). And its sections 
are five and thirty ; and the sign of it is, For I saith the Lord will be 
UNTO HER a wall of fire round about and I will be the glory in 
the midst of her (y=30, H=5; Zech 2 9 ). And its middle point 
is, Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together (I Ki 22 6 ). 

Blessed be He that giveth power to the faint, and to him that 
hath no might He increaseth strength (Is 40 29 ). 



84 

ISAIAH. 

ttJth ina mrr 1 ) 

v •• • t t : 

P!W) PTS 

.rntforn o^rn. oiriNai ^n rrytf; Va* o^Dgn D*op 

. , vh''*im& Dtf-Q« ■»? , V$ro .Jepd d3i^n H^^ nh"»3 rrna 

: pro ^«rrb-^ ^td 1 ? '■" f^J^I .l"3 i-n-jpi 

And it shall come to pass that from one new moon (Is 66**) . 
The sign is, ppT^, i.e. the initial letters of the four books in which 
the words of the last verse hut one are repeated in order to avoid 
ending the book with a threatening or curse. ^PP^C^, Isaiah; 
n=lto^ "H£l, the twelve Minor Prophets; p=rrtFj3, Lamentations > 
p=rOTip, Ecclesiastes. 

BE STBONG AND WE WILL BE STRONG i 

The number of the verses of Isaiah is a thousand and two hundred 
and ninety and five ; the sign is, As a sweet savour WILL I ACCEPT 
you (&=1000, "1=200, 2=90, H=5 ; Ez 20«). And its middle 
point is, But there the Lord will be with us in majesty (Is 33 21 ). 
And its sections are twenty-six ; the sign is, AND the Lord SHALL 
BE king over all the earth (l=:6, H=5, ^=10, H=5 ; Zech 14»). 

JEREMIAH. 

P!W) PIS 

♦nttJprr) D^tf] rrtwa afajfc *k& tfTjrp ^ oT^sn wap 

™ vyw ^ffi 19*5 ^rcn w °^ o^yrto} 

a^tjft D^n Y»,r)$n \^p 335*1 b& trw tih .ayfafa 



85 



BE STRONG AND WE WILL BE STRONG! 

The number of the verses of Jeremiah is a thousand and three 
hundred and sixty and five ; the sign is, And all THE MEN 
THEREOF were mighty («=1000, 2=50, tf=300, ^=10, H=5; 
Josh 10 2 ). And its middle point is, And Hananiah spake (Je 28 11 ). 
And its sections are one and thirty ; the sign is, God is NOT a man 
that He should He (*?=30, N=l ; Nu 23 19 ). And its chapters are 
fifty-two ; the sign is, I will give thanks unto the Lord WITH MY 
WHOLE heart (l=2, 3=20, ^=30 ; Ps. IIP). 



EZEKIEL. 

Pt«T 

.rra&#i wyyfa uwmch thx ^Nptm ^ rarari map 

YnrTtj* .tinhh tiths. retf rntp^ntp^ vn *Mfrt) ,^d 
: pa^p M^lH HitD-s info inrn a*iy%\ nytfjp 

BE STRONG! 

The number of the verses of Ezekiel is a thousand and two 
hundred and seventy and three ; the sign is, As the hart panteth after 
the WATER brooks SO PANTETH MY SOUL after thee O God 
03=40,^=10, tt=40, 3=20, 2=50, 3=50, D=80, ©=300, i=10, 
n=400,y=70, 1=200, 3=3; Ps. 421). And its middle point is, 
And it came to pass in the eleventh year in the first day of the month 
(Ez 26 1 ). And its sections are nine and twenty ; the sign is, And 
when she saw him that HE WAS A GOODLY child (B=9, 1=6, 
3=2, H=5, 1=6, N=l ; Ex 22). 



8f» 



XII MINOR PROPHETS, 
•^b WajCT n?b« DN D3^J D^tD 'pty Pran 

:«7iatn bin^rr rrjrr: or aia 

|q-p 'p'p'n'" 

.p^p ngs^, *& ^m ; n v?^ D<, y$ro n«» grain 

.p^p b|£ in^tf 'ntf*?t# o^ntf bwi'' 
.»•© rrn lap : rrcftri d wini hnd DiaB 

Pt*tvt ft t • : • t : - : t •• t 

.|B»p b^l? nteriy ^jnlp; 5 ruiotpn o^a'jM np*!" 1 
s p*© njnva Drfaj nb& : msom nan Hp^a 

It* t .* "v: tt t • — : — t ■• t^ • 

: jo*© D^-bT] : nr^tfj n^a-jM a^lPTJ 

: pD^p njTT? ny-jji Sp^ : n*|t£i D^rj p*lp3Q 

.pa 1 © W$ JS tnttfopi d^d fT?35¥ 

.^p vad n^?roH "»3 : rtftafy d V^ "W 

.p5>p ^ Wy)"^ *$* *"*? "rn^ d^tmo n*p| 

:pT> ^3")^ tp$ apS£) sn^JT) o^pd ,, ?^ba 

"*'3 .option*, tbt* D*waa itfy D^tf *?3 Vtf owen dcd 

: jd^d POVQ ?TJi7£ ^^ # *WI o'H'py v "?7^ •tf'OT 



Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and 

/ / / t 
terrible day of the Lord come (Ma 4 5 ) . The sign is p p T\ ^ (see op 

Isaiah) . 



87 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the Twelve. 

HO SEA : a hundred and ninety and seven ; the sign is, Neither 
DID tliy foot SWELL (l=2, 2=90, p=100, H=5; De 8*). 

3 OEL : seventy and three ; the sign is, Put ye in the SICKLE 
(73=4*0, 3=3, *?=30; Joel 3™). 

.AMOS : a hundred and forty and six ; the sign is, Her children 
RISE UP (p=100, tt=40, 1=6; Pr31 2 *). 

OBADIAH : twenty and one ; the sign is, SURELY God is good 
to Israel (N=l, 3=20; Ps. 731). 

JONAH : forty and eight ; the sign is, Israel doeth VALIANTLY 
(n=8, ^=10, *?=30; Nu24i8). 

MICAH: a hundred and five; the sign is, God IS GONE UP 
with a shout (37=70, *?=30, 71=5; Ps. 47 5 ). 

NAHUM : four* and seven ; the sign is, Water SHALL FLOW 
(1=10, t=7, *?=30; Nu247). 

HABAKKUK: fifty and six; the sign is, AND it shall be 
righteousness UNTO THEE p=6, ^-30, 3=20; De 24 18 ). 

ZEPHANIAH : fifty and three ; the sign is, A GARDEN shut up 
(H=3, 3=50; 0a4«). 

HAGGAI : thirty and eight; the sign is, But HE REVEALETH 
his secret (3=3, 7=30, H=5; Am 3?). 

ZECHARIAH : two hundred and eleven ; the sign is, Blessed 
is every one THAT FEARETH the Lord (*»=10, "1=200, «=1; 
Ps 1281). 

MALACHI : fifty and five ; the sign is, And Jacob WENT on 
nis way (H^5, ^ = 30, 3 = 20; Ge 32*). 

The number of the verses of all the twelve prophets is a thousand 
and fifty; the sign is, FOR THOU HAST STRIVEN WITH God 
(3 = 20, *» = 10, fe? = 300, 1 = 200, ^=10, H=400, 3?=70, D=40; 

* sic ; a misprint for D"3ft"*?, forty. 



88 

Ge 32 28 ). And its middle point is, Therefore shall Zion for your 
sake be plowed as a field (Mi 3 12 ) . And its sections are twenty and 
one; the sign is, And I WILL BE the glory in the midst of her 
IN=1, PT=5, *»=10, n=5; Zech 2 5 ). 



PSALMS. 

Dntpjn rrtwa itfprn °?qV« o^nfl "isp? ^d? oep 
ptpp oiptyi SftT? 1 P 27 *? ^W 5 ^ '* ^Pl ♦njr^cn 
lan^D) .-fay rryttfrj tnjtp .orpBip. vnnpjj i^m .?jth$ 

: ^75? ^itSS apatpan 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Psalms is two thousand 
and five hundred and twenty and seven ; and its sign is, Lord I LO V e 
the haBITATION OF THY HOUSE and the pLAce where Thy 
glory dWELleth (N=-l f 1 = 2, H=400, ^=10, J?=70, 1=6, ]=700, 
1=2, ^=10, n=400, "1=500, p=100, 1=6, ©=300, 3=20; 
Ps 26 s ). And its middle point' is, But they flattered him with their 
mouth (Ps 78 36 ) . And its sections are nineteen ; and its sign is, Who 
satisfieth thy mouth WITH GOOD THINGS (1=2, 10=9, 1=6, 
1=2; Psl03*). 

PROVERBS. 

PUT 

.-toy ntfprp rrt«n ytin ^t#? -idd bti ootids? rot? 

s j^p q3T? nmh Tibn fi$ 

BE STBONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Proverbs is nine hundred 



and fifteen; the sign is, THEN SANG DEboraH = 6 » ri=400, 
«j=300, n=200, 1=4, H=5; Ju 5 1 ). And its middle point i S> 
Pride goeth before destruction (Pr 16 18 ). And its sections are eight ; 
the sign is, THEN shalt thou walk in thy way securely (N=l, t=7 ; 
Pr 333). 

JOB. 

PI* 

rr^ri? on^> Wwrj ^pi .o^tfj ^h 2m *$tp$ o*op 
.niiDttf vtiq* .tygtih) sooipttJfc} i^rn .rratr) ofatf 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of Job is a thousand and seventy; and 
its sign is, And I will reveal unto them ABUNDANCE of peace and 
truth (J> = 70, n = 400, 1 = 200, n=400 ; Je 33 6 ). And its middle 
point is, Who were snatched away before their time (Job 22 16 ). And 
its sections are eight ; and its sign is, The Lord LOVETH the gates 
of Zion («=1, H=5, 1=2; Ps872). 

CANTICLES. 

ntf$ *\3y*u\ ."toy rnsfttfi nHQ cmptin Ttf 5 ! ^ds? d«q 

The number of the verses of the Song of Songs is a hundred and 
seventeen ; and its sign is, Who spake GOOD FOE the king (10=9, 
1=6, 1=2, 3?=70, 7=30; Esth 7 9 ). And its middle point is, 
Spikenard and saffron (Ca 4 14 ) . 

RUTH. 

-H30 rryiD \3y&\ .ntfprp ovtotf rvn iddt ^id? ood. 
-owe oa rvatfisn rvn nortm i'^rn sfoy* +h$ fiS 



90 

The number of the verses of the book of Ruth is eighty and five ; 
and its sign is, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down HERE (D=80, 
n=5; Ru 4 1 ). And its middle point is, And Ruth the Moabitess 
said, Yea, he said unto me (Ru 2 21 ). 

LAMENTATIONS. 

If It* v'vT • t •• - t t : ' v •• t : •• • — . 

D^Tp y& ttwi .rcte-iNi tnsam n«D rem tods map 

tvhn nnn usnh vsm .D^t^a 

T : - - - •• - : T v : • t t — 

Turn Thou us unto Thee, O Lord, and we shall be turned, renew 

//tt 
our days as of old (La 5 31 ) ; the sign is pp ]"P (see on Isaiah). 

The number of the verses of Lamentations is a hundred and fifty 
and four; and its sign is, He caused THE EAST WIND to blow in 
the heaven (p=100, 1=4, "»=10, D=40; Ps7826). And its middle 
point is, To crush under foot (La 3 84 ). 

ECCLESIASTBS. 

itotp vnisp-riN} «"V DTt^jrrntj 3>D02 ^in -m ryiD 

^pi .ostjfc D'nWl d?W? fi!?CP " , ??7 W D $ Q ^$ 
tnpa naa nvntf-rro v*n twr» .taaJ mtjm ""Q3 rrntf-no 

t':« t : tt v - : v -: : t':« t ~ tt v - 

:rp rrriN oa-MhW ttCD) .rwiN v-npi .totf 

T V T T T • : tt:- ttT ; 

This is the end of the matter ; all hath been heard : fear God and 
keep His commandments; for this is the whole duty of man (Ec 12 13 ); 
the sign is p p H ^ (see on Isaiah) . 

The number of the verses of the book of Ecclesiastes is two 
hundred and twenty and two ; and its sign is, Whatsoever hath been 
the name thereof was given LONG AGO (3=20, 1=2, 1=200; 



Ec 6 10 ). And its middle point is, Whatsoever hath been the name 
thereof was given long ago (Ec 6 10 ). And its sections are four; and 
its sign is, I WILL ENTER into them, I will give thanks unto the 
Lord (M=l, 1=2, N = l ; . Ps 118W). 

ESTHER. 

*yy22 tta^ .nyjtf} o^tn nwg nnpH n^ap? t?©? o^op 
.rrajprj vnnpn .uptf jn -inp« jjtfrj vvm .^y ^pTnaj w 

The sum of the verses of the roll of Esther is a hundred and sixty 
and seven ; and its sign is, Honour me now I pray thee before THE 
ELDERS of my people (1=7, p=100, 2=50, \=10; I Sa 15*>). 
And its middle point is, Then answered Esther and said (Esth 5 7 ) . 
And its sections are five ; and its sign is, And this shall be THE 
BASE of the altar (3=3, 1=2 : Ez 43"). 

DANIEL. 

PI* 

•n^ttri o^nrr) rrt*m tih0 bwTi nocn ^©9 ffop 

olam nr^n o^yah ^jn i2EPDi .nyntf mw .isMtf^ 

t tvt» »t: ••••: t.: t:*- tt: - -:•• 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of the book of Daniel is three hundred 
and fifty and seven ; and its sign is, Because the breath of the Lord 
BLOWETH upon it (2=50, BJ=300, 1=2, H=5; Is 407). And 
its middle point is, In that night Belshazzar was slain (Da 5 30 ). And 
its sections are seven ; and its sign is, But the eyes of the wicked 
shall fail, and they SHALL HAVE NO way to flee, and their hope 
shall be the giving up of the ghost (N=l, 1=2, 1=4; Job ll 20 ). 



92 
EZRA-NEHEMIAH. 

PTtT 

.naiatti Drytotm niMo Ufa* mEim twi ws map 

. ; : •• •• t : v . t : v : ' •• : s 

.risen n^y ran ftm .T"OE ASp^rr* *"*> "to? too^. 
s rv>2 mteao "sfWj* fTh2t-irr by *asvff\ .mtog vmw 

BE STRONG! 
The number of the verses of Ezra and Nehemiah is six hundred 
and eighty and eight ; and its sign is, Remember Lord THE RE- 
PROACH of thy servants (n=8, 1=200, D=80, n=400; Ps89 5 i). 
And its middle point is, And between the ascent of the corner (Ne 3 32 ) . 
And its sections are ten ; and its sign is, O thou that tellest good 
tidings to Zion get thee up into the HIGH mountain (3=3, H=2, 
Pf=5; Is 40®). 

I, II CHRONICLES. 

o^tftprji ni«7? tftfj tfen o w? nni hs bw o^opn map 
iy .onipjri nwzri moi .^njrp, rnow ^Von nVtrt* 

- • : v : t • -: t t : •• . -: lv v t : - ' v v - ; 

BE STRONG AND WE WILL BE STRONG. THE LAW- 
GIVER IS NOT STRAITENED. 
The number of the verses of the whole of Chronicles is a thousand 
and six hundred and fifty and six ; the sign is, And they saw THE ARK 
and REJOICed to see it (n=400, H=5, N=l, ."1=200, ]=700, 
*»=10, to=300, E=40; I Sa 6^). And its middle point is, And 
over the king's treasuries was Azmaveth the son of Adiel (I Chr 27 26 ). 
And its sections are five and twenty ; the sign is, Forasmuch as* 
HITHERto the Lord hath blessed me (3=20, H = 5 ; Josh 17 l4 »). 



93 

ERRATA' 

IN 

Massoretic Notes to Hebrew Bible, Vienna, 1891. 



PAGE 

4 Ge 3« for ?f DN1 read *f Dl 

177 Le 10* for VmXl read VnXl 

ib. for «onnn read Ntr^nn 

287 De l 1 for b^TlFF) read ^Tim 

290 De 28 for HpD^B read MpDD 

305 For v. 28 read v. 14 

365 For 4. 24 read v. 24 

424 Ju 13 2 add *W2 mtSDn i.e., the Haphtarah for the 35tli 
Sabbath, corresponding to the Parashah, Nu 4 21 — 7 89 

429 Ju 16 5 for 'nil read 'm 

535 For v. 17 read v. 19 

555 I Ki 23».4° for ^"oNl read *f D2 

564 I Ki 7» for rnWTT read mitim 

609 II Ki 222 for -© n read IDH 

615 II Ki 518 delete 'p H^l IVO v. 18 

649 II Ki 20 for v. 14 read v. 19 

714 For v. 2 ?TO read v. 2 n"tt 

720 For v. 18 v. 25 read w. 18,25 

722 For rTfitDDn read rHtDBil 

725 For v. 8 read v. 9 

728 For "ptl read p"n 

738 Is 6623, read p'DD 

766 Je 17 for v. 7 read v. 17 

830 Je 51»* for idib. read ibid. 



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